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Open AccessArticle

The Washington State Environmental Health Disparities Map: Development of a Community-Responsive Cumulative Impacts Assessment Tool

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Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
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Front and Centered, Seattle, WA 98122, USA
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Puget Sound Sage, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
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Washington State Department of Health, Olympia, WA 98504, USA
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Department of Health Sciences, California State University, East Bay, Hayward, CA 94542, USA
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Puget Sound Clean Air Agency, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
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Washington State Department of Ecology, Olympia, WA 98504, USA
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Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment and Office of the Secretary, California Environmental Protection Agency, Sacramento, CA 95814, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4470; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224470
Received: 28 September 2019 / Revised: 1 November 2019 / Accepted: 8 November 2019 / Published: 13 November 2019
Communities across Washington State have expressed the need for neighborhood-level information on the cumulative impact of environmental hazards and social conditions to illuminate disparities and address environmental justice issues. Many existing mapping tools have not explicitly integrated community voice and lived experience as an integral part of their development. The goals of this project were to create a new community–academic–government partnership to collect and summarize community concerns and to develop a publicly available mapping tool that ranks relative environmental health disparities for populations across Washington State. Using a community-driven framework, we developed the Washington Environmental Health Disparities Map, a cumulative environmental health impacts assessment tool. Nineteen regularly updated environmental and population indicators were integrated into the geospatial tool that allows for comparisons of the cumulative impacts between census tracts. This interactive map provides critical information for the public, agencies, policymakers, and community-based organizations to make informed decisions. The unique community–academic–government partnership and the community-driven framework can be used as a template for other environmental and social justice mapping endeavors. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental justice; geospatial mapping; geographic information systems; community engaged; community driven research environmental justice; geospatial mapping; geographic information systems; community engaged; community driven research
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Min, E.; Gruen, D.; Banerjee, D.; Echeverria, T.; Freelander, L.; Schmeltz, M.; Saganić, E.; Piazza, M.; Galaviz, V.E.; Yost, M.; Seto, E.Y. The Washington State Environmental Health Disparities Map: Development of a Community-Responsive Cumulative Impacts Assessment Tool. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4470.

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