Next Article in Journal
Feasibility Study of a Menstrual Hygiene Management Intervention for People with Intellectual Impairments and Their Carers in Nepal
Next Article in Special Issue
How Attitudes toward Alcohol Policies Differ across European Countries: Evidence from the Standardized European Alcohol Survey (SEAS)
Previous Article in Journal
Do Older Adults with Multimorbidity Meet the Recommended Levels of Physical Activity? An Analysis of Scottish Health Survey
Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceReview

Regulatory Policies for Alcohol, other Psychoactive Substances and Addictive Behaviours: The Role of Level of Use and Potency. A Systematic Review

1
Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
2
Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
3
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 6th floor, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada
4
Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Medical Sciences Building, 1 King’s College Circle, Room 2374, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada
5
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, 8th floor, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada
6
Department of International Health Projects, Institute for Leadership and Health Management, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Trubetskaya str., 8, b. 2, 119992 Moscow, Russia
7
Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy & Center of Clinical Epidemiology and Longitudinal Studies (CELOS), Technische Universität Dresden, Chemnitzer Str. 46, 01187 Dresden, Germany
8
Chemisches und Veterinäruntersuchungsamt (CVUA) Karlsruhe, Weissenburger Strasse 3, 76187 Karlsruhe, Germany
9
Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086, Australia
10
Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs, Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3749; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193749
Received: 23 August 2019 / Revised: 30 September 2019 / Accepted: 1 October 2019 / Published: 4 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol Control Policy and Health in Europe)
The object of this contribution based on a systematic review of the literature is to examine to what degree the level of use and potency play a role in regulatory policies for alcohol, other psychoactive substances and gambling, and whether there is an evidence base for this role. Level of use is usually defined around a behavioural pattern of the user (for example, cigarettes smoked per day, or average ethanol use in grams per day), while potency is defined as a property or characteristic of the substance. For all substances examined (alcohol, tobacco, opioids, cannabis) and gambling, both dimensions were taken into consideration in the formulation of most regulatory policies. However, the associations between both dimensions and regulatory policies were not systematic, and not always based on evidence. Future improvements are suggested. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; policy; regulation; tobacco; opioids; cannabis; gambling; potency; use disorders alcohol; policy; regulation; tobacco; opioids; cannabis; gambling; potency; use disorders
MDPI and ACS Style

Rehm, J.; Crépault, J.-F.; Hasan, O.S.M.; Lachenmeier, D.W.; Room, R.; Sornpaisarn, B. Regulatory Policies for Alcohol, other Psychoactive Substances and Addictive Behaviours: The Role of Level of Use and Potency. A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193749

AMA Style

Rehm J, Crépault J-F, Hasan OSM, Lachenmeier DW, Room R, Sornpaisarn B. Regulatory Policies for Alcohol, other Psychoactive Substances and Addictive Behaviours: The Role of Level of Use and Potency. A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(19):3749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193749

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rehm, Jürgen; Crépault, Jean-François; Hasan, Omer S.M.; Lachenmeier, Dirk W.; Room, Robin; Sornpaisarn, Bundit. 2019. "Regulatory Policies for Alcohol, other Psychoactive Substances and Addictive Behaviours: The Role of Level of Use and Potency. A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 19: 3749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193749

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop