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Production Losses Associated with Alcohol-Attributable Mortality in the European Union

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 85-830 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3536; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193536
Received: 20 August 2019 / Revised: 13 September 2019 / Accepted: 20 September 2019 / Published: 21 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Economics)
The economic aspects of alcohol misuse are attracting increasing attention from policy makers and researchers but the evidence on the economic burden of this substance is hardly comparable internationally. This study aims to overcome this problem by estimating production losses (indirect costs) associated with alcohol-attributable mortality in 28 European Union (EU) countries in the year 2016. This study applies the prevalence-based top–down approach, societal perspective and human capital method to sex- and age-specific data on alcohol-related mortality at working age. The alcohol-attributable mortality data was taken from estimates based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Uniform data on labor and economic measures from the Eurostat database was used. The total production losses associated with alcohol-related deaths in the EU in 2016 were €32.1 billion. The per capita costs (share of costs in gross domestic product (GDP)) were €62.88 (0.215%) for the whole EU and ranged from €17.29 (0.062%) in Malta to €192.93 (0.875%) in Lithuania. On average, 81% of the losses were associated with male deaths and mortality among those aged 50–54 years generated the highest burden. Because alcohol is a major avoidable factor for mortality, public health community actions aimed at limiting this substance misuse might not only decrease the health burden but also contribute to the economic welfare of European societies. View Full-Text
Keywords: production losses; indirect costs; alcohol mortality; human capital method; European Union production losses; indirect costs; alcohol mortality; human capital method; European Union
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Łyszczarz, B. Production Losses Associated with Alcohol-Attributable Mortality in the European Union. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3536.

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