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Open AccessArticle

Healthy Lifestyle in Children and Adolescents and Its Association with Subjective Health Complaints: Findings from 37 Countries and Regions from the HBSC Study

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Centro Interdisciplinar do Estudo da Performance Humana, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1499-002 Lisboa, Portugal
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Instituto de Saúde Ambiental, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-028 Lisboa, Portugal
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Department of Sports and Health Sciences, Technical University of Munich, 80333 Munich, Germany
4
Department of Health Systems Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ariel University, Ariel 40700, Israel, [email protected]
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Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Madeira, 9000-082 Funchal, Portugal, [email protected]
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Madeira Interactive Technologies Institute, 9020-105 Funchal, Portugal
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Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1499-002 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3292; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183292
Received: 16 August 2019 / Revised: 2 September 2019 / Accepted: 4 September 2019 / Published: 7 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Healthy Lifestyle)
Background: It is important to clearly understand the factors associated with subjective health complaints. The study aimed to investigate the relationship between subjective health complaints, several health behaviors, and a composite measure of healthy lifestyle. Methods: Data were from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) 2014 international database. Participants were 167,021 children and adolescents, aged 10–16 years, from 37 countries and regions. A composite score of healthy lifestyle was created using a combination of daily physical activity, daily consumption of fruit and vegetables, <2 hours spent daily in screen-based behaviors, no drinking, and no smoking. The subjective health complaints assessed were headaches, stomach aches, backache, dizziness, feeling low, irritability, nervousness, and sleep difficulties. Results: Those who engage in physical activity every day, spend less than two hours a day in screen-based behaviors, do not drink alcohol, and do not smoke tobacco presented a higher likelihood of not having subjective health complaints. A healthy lifestyle was significantly related to having less of all the subjective health complaints. Those with a healthy lifestyle were 50% (OR = 0.5, 95% CI: 0.5–0.6, p < 0.001) less likely to have multiple health complaints. Conclusions: Healthy behaviors and healthy lifestyles are related with less subjective health complaints and less multiple health complaints. View Full-Text
Keywords: school-aged children; health; behaviors; lifestyle; HBSC school-aged children; health; behaviors; lifestyle; HBSC
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marques, A.; Demetriou, Y.; Tesler, R.; Gouveia, É.R.; Peralta, M.; Matos, M.G.d. Healthy Lifestyle in Children and Adolescents and Its Association with Subjective Health Complaints: Findings from 37 Countries and Regions from the HBSC Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3292.

AMA Style

Marques A, Demetriou Y, Tesler R, Gouveia ÉR, Peralta M, Matos MGd. Healthy Lifestyle in Children and Adolescents and Its Association with Subjective Health Complaints: Findings from 37 Countries and Regions from the HBSC Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3292.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marques, Adilson; Demetriou, Yolanda; Tesler, Riki; Gouveia, Élvio R.; Peralta, Miguel; Matos, Margarida G.d. 2019. "Healthy Lifestyle in Children and Adolescents and Its Association with Subjective Health Complaints: Findings from 37 Countries and Regions from the HBSC Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 18: 3292.

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