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Integrating Public Health into Climate Change Policy and Planning: State of Practice Update

1
Department of Health Policy and Management, Risk Sciences and Public Policy Institute, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
2
Department of Environmental Health and Engineering, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
C.Z. contributed to this work while a student at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; current affiliation: Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
B.B. contributed to this work while a student at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; current affiliation: unaffiliated.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3232; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183232
Received: 22 June 2019 / Revised: 24 August 2019 / Accepted: 2 September 2019 / Published: 4 September 2019
Policy action in the coming decade will be crucial to achieving globally agreed upon goals to decarbonize the economy and build resilience to a warmer, more extreme climate. Public health has an essential role in climate planning and action: “Co-benefits” to health help underpin greenhouse gas reduction strategies, while safeguarding health—particularly of the most vulnerable—is a frontline local adaptation goal. Using the structure of the core functions and essential services (CFES), we reviewed the literature documenting the evolution of public health’s role in climate change action since the 2009 launch of the US CDC Climate and Health Program. We found that the public health response to climate change has been promising in the area of assessment (monitoring climate hazards, diagnosing health status, assessing vulnerability); mixed in the area of policy development (mobilizing partnerships, mitigation and adaptation activities); and relatively weak in assurance (communication, workforce development and evaluation). We suggest that the CFES model remains important, but is not aligned with three concepts—governance, implementation and adjustment—that have taken on increasing importance. Adding these concepts to the model can help ensure that public health fulfills its potential as a proactive partner fully integrated into climate policy planning and action in the coming decade. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptation; adaptive management; climate change; essential services of public health; governance; implementation; mitigation; public health practice adaptation; adaptive management; climate change; essential services of public health; governance; implementation; mitigation; public health practice
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fox, M.; Zuidema, C.; Bauman, B.; Burke, T.; Sheehan, M. Integrating Public Health into Climate Change Policy and Planning: State of Practice Update. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3232. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183232

AMA Style

Fox M, Zuidema C, Bauman B, Burke T, Sheehan M. Integrating Public Health into Climate Change Policy and Planning: State of Practice Update. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3232. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183232

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fox, Mary; Zuidema, Christopher; Bauman, Bridget; Burke, Thomas; Sheehan, Mary. 2019. "Integrating Public Health into Climate Change Policy and Planning: State of Practice Update" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 18: 3232. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183232

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