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Article

Food Insecurity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Mississippi Adults

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS 39213, USA
2
Office of Health Data and Research, Mississippi State Department of Health, Jackson, MS 39216, USA
3
Center of Excellence in Minority Health and Health Disparities, Institute of Epidemiology and Health Services Research, School of Public Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS 39213, USA
4
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 2016; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15092016
Received: 15 August 2018 / Revised: 7 September 2018 / Accepted: 13 September 2018 / Published: 15 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Background: Food insecurity is a public health problem. There is limited data on food insecurity in Mississippi. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2015 Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, which included the Social Context Module for 5870 respondents. Respondents who indicated that in the past 12 months they were “always”, “usually”, or “sometimes” “worried or stressed about having enough money to buy nutritious meals” were considered food insecure. Food insecurity was compared across sociodemographic and health characteristics using chi-square tests, and the association between food insecurity and select cardiovascular disease risk factors was assessed using logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of food insecurity was 42.9%. Compared to the referent group, Mississippi adults with high blood pressure had 51% higher odds, those with diabetes had 30% higher odds, those who were not physically active had 36% higher odds, and those who consumed fewer than five fruits and vegetables daily had 50% higher odds of being food insecure. Conclusion: Among Mississippi adults, food insecurity is associated with high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, fruit and vegetable consumption, physical inactivity, and smoking. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiovascular disease; risk factors; food insecurity; Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Mississippi cardiovascular disease; risk factors; food insecurity; Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Mississippi
MDPI and ACS Style

Mendy, V.L.; Vargas, R.; Cannon-Smith, G.; Payton, M.; Enkhmaa, B.; Zhang, L. Food Insecurity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Mississippi Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2016. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15092016

AMA Style

Mendy VL, Vargas R, Cannon-Smith G, Payton M, Enkhmaa B, Zhang L. Food Insecurity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Mississippi Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(9):2016. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15092016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mendy, Vincent L., Rodolfo Vargas, Gerri Cannon-Smith, Marinelle Payton, Byambaa Enkhmaa, and Lei Zhang. 2018. "Food Insecurity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Mississippi Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 9: 2016. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15092016

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