Factors Associated with Substance Use and Sexual Behavior among Drug Users in Three Mountainous Provinces of Vietnam
AbstractDue to their geographical characteristics, the mountainous areas of Vietnam are particularly vulnerable to illicit drug use. Drug users in remote areas are also more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and characteristics of substance use and sexual behaviors and explored their related factors among newly admitted drug users in three mountainous provinces of Vietnam. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 newly-admitted drug users registering for Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) at 6 clinics in three provinces: Dien Bien, Lai Chau and Yen Bai from October 2014 to December 2015. Information about the socio-demographic characteristics, history of substance use, and sexual behaviors were collected. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify potential predictors of four outcomes, which included: drug injection, re-use of needles, using condoms during the last time of having sex, and having sexual intercourse with female sex workers. The proportion of injecting drug users was 68.3%; of those 9% never re-used needles. Of note, 69% of those who reported having sex with female sex workers in the last month did not use condoms. Regression models showed that those who injected drugs and had health problems in last 30 days had greater odds of having sex with female sex workers. Drug users in mountainous settings acknowledged the high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related risk behaviors and a demand for physical and psychological care. Scaling up MMT services is key to approaching this high-risk group; however, at the same time, comprehensive harm-reduction interventions, counseling, and health care services should also be made accessible and effective in this setting. View Full-Text
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Tran, B.X.; Mai, H.T.; Fleming, M.; Do, H.N.; Nguyen, T.M.T.; Vuong, Q.H.; Ho, M.T.; Van Dam, N.; Vuong, T.T.; Ha, G.H.; Truong, N.T.; Latkin, C.A.; Ho, C.S.H.; Ho, R.C.M. Factors Associated with Substance Use and Sexual Behavior among Drug Users in Three Mountainous Provinces of Vietnam. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1885.
Tran BX, Mai HT, Fleming M, Do HN, Nguyen TMT, Vuong QH, Ho MT, Van Dam N, Vuong TT, Ha GH, Truong NT, Latkin CA, Ho CSH, Ho RCM. Factors Associated with Substance Use and Sexual Behavior among Drug Users in Three Mountainous Provinces of Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(9):1885.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tran, Bach X.; Mai, Hue T.; Fleming, Mercedes; Do, Ha N.; Nguyen, Tam M.T.; Vuong, Quan H.; Ho, Manh T.; Van Dam, Nhue; Vuong, Thu T.; Ha, Giang H.; Truong, Nu T.; Latkin, Carl A.; Ho, Cyrus S.H.; Ho, Roger C.M. 2018. "Factors Associated with Substance Use and Sexual Behavior among Drug Users in Three Mountainous Provinces of Vietnam." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 9: 1885.
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