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Article

Human Exposure to Ferret Badger Rabies in Taiwan

1
Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Taipei 10070, Taiwan
2
Department of Statistics, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan
3
Graduate Institute of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
4
National Institute of Infectious Disease, Tokyo 162-8640, Japan
5
Agricultural Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 30093, Taiwan
6
School of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1347; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071347
Received: 7 June 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 26 June 2018 / Published: 27 June 2018
On 17 July 2013, Taiwan confirmed multiple cases of the rabies virus (RABV) in the wild Taiwan Ferret badger (TFB) (Melogale moschata) member of the family Mustelidae. This study aims at investigating the risk factors for human exposure to rabid TFBs. Statistical inference based on Pearson correlation showed that there was a strong positive correlation between the total number of positive TFB rabies cases and the number of rabid TFBs involved with human activities in 81 enzootic townships (r = 0.91; p < 0.001). A logistic regression analysis indicated that the risk probability of a human being bitten by rabid TFBs was significantly higher when there were no dogs around (35.55% versus 6.17% (indoors, n = 171, p = 0.0001), and 52.00% versus 5.26% (outdoors, n = 44, p = 0.021)), and whether or not there was a dog around was the only crucial covariate that was statistically significantly related to the risk of a human being bitten. In conclusion, this study showed the value of having vaccinated pets as a deterrent to TFB encounters and as a buffer to prevent human exposure to rabid TFBs. The presence of unvaccinated pets could become a significant risk factor in the longer term if rabies isn’t controlled in TFBs because of the spillover between the sylvatic and urban cycles of rabies. Consequently, raising dogs, as well as keeping rabies vaccinations up-to-date for them, can be considered an effective preventive strategy to reduce the risk for human exposure to rabid TFBs. View Full-Text
Keywords: ferret badger; Melogale moschata; Taiwan; rabies; human exposure ferret badger; Melogale moschata; Taiwan; rabies; human exposure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shih, T.-H.; Chiang, J.-T.; Wu, H.-Y.; Inoue, S.; Tsai, C.-T.; Kuo, S.-C.; Yang, C.-Y.; Fei, C.-Y. Human Exposure to Ferret Badger Rabies in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1347. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071347

AMA Style

Shih T-H, Chiang J-T, Wu H-Y, Inoue S, Tsai C-T, Kuo S-C, Yang C-Y, Fei C-Y. Human Exposure to Ferret Badger Rabies in Taiwan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(7):1347. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071347

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shih, Tai-Hwa, Jeng-Tung Chiang, Hung-Yi Wu, Satoshi Inoue, Cheng-Ta Tsai, Shih-Chiang Kuo, Cheng-Yao Yang, and Chang-Young Fei. 2018. "Human Exposure to Ferret Badger Rabies in Taiwan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 7: 1347. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071347

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