Next Article in Journal
Heavy Metals’ Effect on Susceptibility to Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Implication of Lead, Cadmium, and Antimony
Next Article in Special Issue
Impact of Indoor Physical Environment on Learning Efficiency in Different Types of Tasks: A 3 × 4 × 3 Full Factorial Design Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Changes in Risk Perception of the Health Effects of Radiation and Mental Health Status: The Fukushima Health Management Survey
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Impacts of Transportation Infrastructure on Sustainable Development: Emerging Trends and Challenges
Open AccessArticle

Carbon Emissions in China’s Construction Industry: Calculations, Factors and Regions

by Qiang Du 1, Xinran Lu 2, Yi Li 1, Min Wu 2, Libiao Bai 1,* and Ming Yu 2
School of Economics and Management, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China
School of Civil Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710061, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1220;
Received: 11 May 2018 / Revised: 5 June 2018 / Accepted: 8 June 2018 / Published: 10 June 2018
The production of construction projects is carbon-intensive and interrelated to multiple other industries that provide related materials and services. Thus, the calculations of carbon emissions are relatively complex, and the consideration of other factors becomes necessary, especially in China, which has a massive land area and regions with greatly uneven development. To improve the accuracy of the calculations and illustrate the impacts of the various factors at the provincial level in the construction industry, this study separated carbon emissions into two categories, the direct category and the indirect category. The features of carbon emissions in this industry across 30 provinces in China were analysed, and the logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI) model was employed to decompose the major factors, including direct energy proportion, unit value energy consumption, value creation effect, indirect carbon intensity, and scale effect of output. It was concluded that carbon emissions increased, whereas carbon intensity decreased dramatically, and indirect emissions accounted for 90% to 95% of the total emissions from the majority of the provinces between 2005 and 2014. The carbon intensities were high in the underdeveloped western and central regions, especially in Shanxi, Inner-Mongolia and Qinghai, whereas they were low in the well-developed eastern and southern regions, represented by Beijing, Shanghai, Zhejiang and Guangdong. The value creation effect and indirect carbon intensity had significant negative effects on carbon emissions, whereas the scale effect of output was the primary factor creating emissions. The factors of direct energy proportion and unit value energy consumption had relatively limited, albeit varying, effects. Accordingly, this study reveals that the evolving trends of these factors vary in different provinces; therefore, overall, our research results and insights support government policy and decision maker’s decisions to minimize the carbon emissions in the construction industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction industry; carbon emissions; LMDI; province of China construction industry; carbon emissions; LMDI; province of China
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Du, Q.; Lu, X.; Li, Y.; Wu, M.; Bai, L.; Yu, M. Carbon Emissions in China’s Construction Industry: Calculations, Factors and Regions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1220.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop