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Impact of Housing and Community Conditions on Multidimensional Health among Middle- and Low-Income Groups in Hong Kong

by 1,2, 1,2,3,*, 1, 4 and 5
1
Institute of Space and Earth Information Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
Shenzhen Research Institute, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen 518057, China
3
Department of Geography and Resource Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
4
Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
5
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1132; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061132
Received: 4 May 2018 / Revised: 27 May 2018 / Accepted: 29 May 2018 / Published: 31 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
With decades of urbanization, housing and community problems (e.g., poor ventilation and lack of open public spaces) have become important social determinants of health that require increasing attention worldwide. Knowledge regarding the link between health and these problems can provide crucial evidence for building healthy communities. However, this link has heretofore not been identified in Hong Kong, and few studies have compared the health impact of housing and community conditions across different income groups. To overcome this gap, we hypothesize that the health impact of housing and community problems may vary across income groups and across health dimensions. We tested these hypotheses using cross-sectional survey data from Hong Kong. Several health outcomes, e.g., chronic diseases and the SF-12 v. 2 mental component summary scores, were correlated with a few types of housing and community problems, while other outcomes, such as the DASS-21–Stress scores, were sensitive to a broader range of problems. The middle- and low-income group was more severely affected by poor built environments. These results can be used to identify significant problems in the local built environment, especially amongst the middle- and low-income group. View Full-Text
Keywords: housing conditions; community conditions; health outcomes; lasso; Hong Kong housing conditions; community conditions; health outcomes; lasso; Hong Kong
MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Huang, B.; Zhang, T.; Wong, H.; Huang, Y. Impact of Housing and Community Conditions on Multidimensional Health among Middle- and Low-Income Groups in Hong Kong. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1132.

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