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Open AccessArticle

Direct Self-Injurious Behavior (D-SIB) and Life Events among Vocational School and High School Students

1
Doctoral School of Psychology, Eotvos Lorand University, 1075 Budapest, Hungary
2
Institute of Psychology, Eotvos Lorand University, 1075 Budapest, Hungary
3
Pedagogical Services, Budapest District 12, 1126 Budapest, Hungary
4
Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Hospital and Outpatient Clinic, 1021 Budapest, Hungary
5
West Hertfordshire Specialist CAMHS St Albans Clinic, AL3 5TL St Albans, UK
6
Semmelweis University, Mental Health Sciences Doctoral School, 1083 Budapest, Hungary
7
Department of Health Sciences, University of Molise, 86100 Molise, Italy
8
Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
9
Global Psychiatric Epidemiology, Columbia University-New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
10
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1068; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061068
Received: 11 March 2018 / Revised: 28 April 2018 / Accepted: 19 May 2018 / Published: 24 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Suicide Research)
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Abstract

Although several studies have recently assessed direct self-injurious behavior (D-SIB) among adolescents, it is still understudied in adolescents attending vocational schools: an educational setting generally associated with lower socioeconomic status. After extending the “Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe” (SEYLE) project to a vocational school population, we examined their D-SIB and life event characteristics compared to the high school population. SEYLE’s Hungarian randomly selected high school sample (N = 995) was completed with a randomly selected vocational school sample (N = 140) in Budapest, Hungary. Participants aged 14–17 years completed the SEYLE project’s self-administered questionnaires. D-SIB lifetime prevalence was significantly higher (29.4%) in the vocational school group compared to the high school group (17.2%) (Χ2(1) = 12.231, p< 0.001). D-SIB was associated with suicidal ideation in the vocational school group. Different life events were more frequent in the high school than in the vocational school group, and associations between D-SIB and life events differed in the vocational school group compared to the high school group. In conclusion, vocational school students are a vulnerable population with a higher prevalence of D-SIB compared to high school students. Life events and their association with D-SIB also differ in vocational school students compared to high school students. Taking all these into account might contribute to prevention/intervention designed for this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: direct self-injurious behavior; D-SIB; self-injury; self-harm; life events; adolescents; SEYLE; depression; anxiety disorders; suicidal behavior; suicide prevention direct self-injurious behavior; D-SIB; self-injury; self-harm; life events; adolescents; SEYLE; depression; anxiety disorders; suicidal behavior; suicide prevention
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Horváth, L.O.; Balint, M.; Ferenczi-Dallos, G.; Farkas, L.; Gadoros, J.; Gyori, D.; Kereszteny, A.; Meszaros, G.; Szentivanyi, D.; Velo, S.; Sarchiapone, M.; Carli, V.; Wasserman, C.; Hoven, C.W.; Wasserman, D.; Balazs, J. Direct Self-Injurious Behavior (D-SIB) and Life Events among Vocational School and High School Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1068.

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