Prevalence of Self-Reported Gluten-Related Disorders and Adherence to a Gluten-Free Diet in Salvadoran Adult Population
AbstractGluten-related disorders are not considered of relevance at public health level in Central America. The prevalence of gluten-related disorders, and adherence to a gluten-free diet, remain unknown in the Central American region. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of the Central American population from San Salvador, El Salvador, to estimate the prevalence rates of self-reported gluten-related disorders and adherence to a gluten-free diet. 1326 individuals were surveyed. Self-reported prevalence rates were (95% Confidence Interval): gluten sensitivity 3.1% (2.3–4.2); physician-diagnosed celiac disease 0.15% (0.04–0.5); wheat allergy 0.75% (0.4–1.3); non-celiac gluten sensitivity 0.98% (0.5–1.6). The prevalence rate of adherence to a gluten-free diet was 7.0% (5.7–8.5). Seven self-reported physician diagnosed gluten-sensitive cases informed the co-existence of non-celiac gluten sensitivity with celiac disease and/or wheat allergy. Among the non-self-reported gluten sensitivity individuals following a gluten-free diet, 50% reported that they were seeing a health professional for gluten-free dietary advice. Gluten sensitivity is commonly reported in Salvadoran population, but some health professionals acknowledge the coexistence of wheat allergy, celiac disease, and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Among studies at population level, the prevalence of adherence to a gluten-free diet in Salvadoran population is the highest reported until now. However, just a few of the gluten-free diet followers were doing it for health-related benefits; the others reported weight control and the perception that the diet is healthier as the main motivation for adopting such a diet. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ontiveros, N.; Rodríguez-Bellegarrigue, C.I.; Galicia-Rodríguez, G.; Vergara-Jiménez, M.D.J.; Zepeda-Gómez, E.M.; Arámburo-Galvez, J.G.; Gracia-Valenzuela, M.H.; Cabrera-Chávez, F. Prevalence of Self-Reported Gluten-Related Disorders and Adherence to a Gluten-Free Diet in Salvadoran Adult Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 786.
Ontiveros N, Rodríguez-Bellegarrigue CI, Galicia-Rodríguez G, Vergara-Jiménez MDJ, Zepeda-Gómez EM, Arámburo-Galvez JG, Gracia-Valenzuela MH, Cabrera-Chávez F. Prevalence of Self-Reported Gluten-Related Disorders and Adherence to a Gluten-Free Diet in Salvadoran Adult Population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(4):786.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ontiveros, Noé; Rodríguez-Bellegarrigue, Cecilia I.; Galicia-Rodríguez, Gerardo; Vergara-Jiménez, Marcela D.J.; Zepeda-Gómez, Elia M.; Arámburo-Galvez, Jesús G.; Gracia-Valenzuela, Martina H.; Cabrera-Chávez, Francisco. 2018. "Prevalence of Self-Reported Gluten-Related Disorders and Adherence to a Gluten-Free Diet in Salvadoran Adult Population." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 4: 786.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.