Next Article in Journal
Dietary Behaviors and Caregiver Perceptions of Overweight and Obesity among Chinese Preschool Children
Previous Article in Journal
A Socio-Technical Exploration for Reducing & Mitigating the Risk of Retained Foreign Objects
Open AccessArticle

Social Interventions to Prevent Heat-Related Mortality in the Older Adult in Rome, Italy: A Quasi-Experimental Study

1
Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”—Via Montpellier 1, 00173 Roma, Italy
2
Community of Sant’Egidio, “Long Live the Elderly” Program—Via San Gallicano 25, 00153 Roma, Italy
3
Direction of Care Services, Municipality of Rome—Viale Manzoni 16, 00185 Roma, Italy
4
Local Health Unit “Roma 3”—Via Casal Bernocchi 73, 00125 Roma, Italy
5
Department of Human Studies, LUMSA University—Via Della Traspontina 21, 00193 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 715; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040715
Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 28 March 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 11 April 2018
This study focuses on the impact of a program aimed at reducing heat-related mortality among older adults residing in central Rome by counteracting social isolation. The mortality of citizens over the age of 75 living in three Urban Areas (UAs) located in central Rome is compared with that of the residents of four adjacent UAs during the summer of 2015. The data, broken down by UA, were provided by the Statistical Office of the Municipality of Rome, which gathers them on a routine basis. During the summer of 2015, 167 deaths were recorded in those UAs in which the Long Live the Elderly (LLE) program was active and 169 in those in which it was not, implying cumulative mortality rates of 25‰ (SD ± 1.4; Cl 95%: 23–29) and 29‰ (SD ± 6.7; Cl 95%: 17–43), respectively. Relative to the summer of 2014, the increase of deaths during the summer of 2015 was greater in UAs in which the LLE program had not been implemented (+97.3% vs. +48.8%). In conclusion, the paper shows the impact of a community-based active monitoring program, focused on strengthening individual relationship networks and the social capital of the community, on mortality in those over 75 during heat waves. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat-related mortality; older adults; social care program; urban environment heat-related mortality; older adults; social care program; urban environment
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Liotta, G.; Inzerilli, M.C.; Palombi, L.; Madaro, O.; Orlando, S.; Scarcella, P.; Betti, D.; Marazzi, M.C. Social Interventions to Prevent Heat-Related Mortality in the Older Adult in Rome, Italy: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 715.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop