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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 522; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030522

A Review of the Impacts of Different Approaches for Diabetes Prevention and a Framework for Making Investment Decisions

RTI International, Washington, DC 20005, USA
Received: 27 November 2017 / Revised: 9 March 2018 / Accepted: 11 March 2018 / Published: 15 March 2018
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PDF [325 KB, uploaded 22 March 2018]

Abstract

This paper selectively reviews the economic research on individual (i.e., diabetes prevention programs and financial rewards for weight loss) and population-wide based diabetes prevention interventions (such as food taxes, nutritional labeling, and worksite wellness programs) that demonstrate a direct reduction in diabetes incidence or improvements in diabetes risk factors such as weight, glucose or glycated hemoglobin. The paper suggests a framework to guide decision makers on how to use the available evidence to determine the optimal allocation of resources across population-wide and individual-based interventions. This framework should also assist in the discussion of what parameters are needed from research to inform decision-making on what might be the optimal mix of strategies to reduce diabetes prevalence. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes prevention; health outcomes; economic model diabetes prevention; health outcomes; economic model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Alva, M.L. A Review of the Impacts of Different Approaches for Diabetes Prevention and a Framework for Making Investment Decisions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 522.

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