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Open AccessArticle

Policy Guidelines for Effective Inclusion and Reintegration of People with Chronic Diseases in the Workplace: National and European Perspectives

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Department of Special Education, University of Thessaly, Argonafton-Filellinon Str., 38221 Volos, Greece
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Neurology, Public Health and Disability Unit, Foundation IRCCS Neurological Institute “Carlo Besta”, Via Celoria 11, 20133 Milan, Italy
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European Association of Service Providers for Persons with Disabilities (EASPD), Rue du Commerce 72, 1040 Brussels, Belgium
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Gailtal Klinik—Neurologische Rehabilitation, 9620 Hermagor, Austria
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Development Centre for Vocational Rehabilitation, University Rehabilitation Institute, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia
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Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, 1st Faculty of Medicine Charles University and Vseobecna Fakultni Nemocnice V Praze, 12808 Praha, Czech Republic
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Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-008 Krakow, Poland
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Norwegian Social Research, OsloMet—Oslo Metropolitan University, Postboks 4 St. Olavs plass, 0130 Oslo, Norway
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Department of Disability and Diversity Studies, Carinthia University of Applied Sciences, 9020 Klagenfurt, Austria
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 493; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030493
Received: 31 January 2018 / Revised: 25 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 March 2018 / Published: 11 March 2018
The increasing prevalence of chronic diseases among the European working age population, as well as the implications for the individual and societal level, underline the need for policy guidelines targeting the effective inclusion of persons with chronic diseases in the workplace. The aim of the present paper was to explore the perspectives of European and National-level stakeholders on existing strategies for work re-integration of persons with chronic diseases, and to provide policy guidelines. A highly-structured interview protocol was distributed to 58 National level stakeholders (policy makers, professionals and employers) from seven European countries. Additionally, 20 European organizations concerned with health-related issues and employment completed an online survey. The findings reveal that employment-related challenges remain largely unaddressed. Both national and European stakeholders considered the existing legislative frameworks inadequate and appraised the co-ordination for the implementation of employment re-integration policies as ineffective. Policies targeting at work re-integration of persons with chronic diseases at European and national level should focus on consistent cooperation among all key stakeholders, awareness raising to staff and management, dissemination of effective strategies, developing research and evaluation standards and establishing monitoring systems on inclusive labour markets. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic diseases; perspectives; national stakeholders; European stakeholders; policy guidelines; work re-integration; work inclusion chronic diseases; perspectives; national stakeholders; European stakeholders; policy guidelines; work re-integration; work inclusion
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Vlachou, A.; Stavroussi, P.; Roka, O.; Vasilou, E.; Papadimitriou, D.; Scaratti, C.; Kadyrbaeva, A.; Fheodoroff, K.; Brecelj, V.; Svestkova, O.; Tobiasz-Adamczyk, B.; Finnvold, J.E.; Gruber, S.; Leonardi, M. Policy Guidelines for Effective Inclusion and Reintegration of People with Chronic Diseases in the Workplace: National and European Perspectives. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 493.

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