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Open AccessArticle

Gender Difference and Spatial Heterogeneity in Local Obesity

by Hee-Jung Jun 1 and Mi Namgung 2,*
1
Department of Public Administration and Graduate School of Governance, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul 03063, Korea
2
Department of Urban Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 311; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020311
Received: 30 January 2018 / Revised: 5 February 2018 / Accepted: 9 February 2018 / Published: 10 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obesity and Urban Environments)
This study asks if there is gender-specific spatial heterogeneity in local obesity. By using the 2015 Korea Community Health Survey and employing spatial analyses, this study found that there is considerable gender-specific spatial heterogeneity in local obesity rates. More specifically, we found that: (1) local obesity rates are more spatially dependent for women than for men; (2) environmental factors, in general, have stronger effects on local obesity rates for women than for men; (3) environmental factors have more spatially varying effects on local obesity rates for women than for men. Based on these findings, we suggest that policies for obesity prevention should not be based on the assumption of spatial homogeneity and gender indifference, but rather should be refined based on gender-specific spatial heterogeneity in local obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; spatial heterogeneity; gender difference; spatial analysis; Korea obesity; spatial heterogeneity; gender difference; spatial analysis; Korea
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Jun, H.-J.; Namgung, M. Gender Difference and Spatial Heterogeneity in Local Obesity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 311.

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