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Open AccessArticle

Clinical Aspects of Foot Health in Individuals with Alzheimer’s Disease

1
Research, Health and Podiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, 15403 Ferrol, Spain
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan, 28922 Carlos, Spain
3
Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Universidad de León, 24401 Ponferrada, Spain
4
Research Group, Faculty of Health, Exercise and Sport, European University of Madrid, 28670 Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain
5
University Center of Plasencia, Universidad de Extremadura, 06071 Badajoz, Spain
6
School of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
All authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 286; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020286
Received: 10 January 2018 / Revised: 1 February 2018 / Accepted: 4 February 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) shows a marked presence of physiologic changes and the start or aggravation of underlying diseases such as physical frailty in diverse anatomical regions. It is believed to have a particularly harmful effect on the health of the foot. We examined the foot health status in older persons with AD, with a specific focus on the extent to which people with AD may be using inadequate footwear in old age. Seventy-three community-dwelling people with probable, mild to moderate AD aged 65–95 years were recruited from a center of excellence for AD. A single trained physician evaluated health status and foot conditions. Current shoe and foot length and width measurements were taken using a calibrated Brannock device. The results indicate that sixty-five participants (89.04%) suffered from feet problems. Also, only twenty-two subjects (30.14%) used the correct shoes in width and size related with the morphology of their feet. Fifty-one participants (69.86%) were using incorrect shoes in length or width. The present study revealed that peoples with AD had a high presence of foot health problems. Also, the use of inappropriate shoes revealed measurable differences of association between shoe size and the morphology of the foot. View Full-Text
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; foot diseases; joint flexibility; musculoskeletal system; shoes Alzheimer’s disease; foot diseases; joint flexibility; musculoskeletal system; shoes
MDPI and ACS Style

López-López, D.; Grela-Fariña, M.; Losa-Iglesias, M.E.; Calvo-Lobo, C.; Rodríguez-Sanz, D.; Palomo-López, P.; Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, R. Clinical Aspects of Foot Health in Individuals with Alzheimer’s Disease. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 286.

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