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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 283; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020283

Depressive Symptoms of Chinese Children: Prevalence and Correlated Factors among Subgroups

1
College of Economics and Management, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China
2
School of Business, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110031, China
3
Rural Education Action Program, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
4
School of Economics and Management, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
5
Center for Experimental Economics in Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710127, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 December 2017 / Revised: 27 January 2018 / Accepted: 4 February 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
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Abstract

Economic growth and socioeconomic changes have transformed nearly every aspect of childhood in China, and many are worried by the increasing prevalence of mental health issues among children, particularly depression. To provide insight into the distribution of depressive symptoms among children in China and identify vulnerable groups, we use data from the 2012 China Family Panel Survey (CFPS), a survey that collected data from a large, nationally representative sample of the Chinese population. Using the CFPS data, we construct a sample of 2679 children aged 10–15 years old from 25 provinces in China. According to our results, the incidence of depression varies by geographic area. Specifically, we find that rates of depressive symptoms are significantly lower in urban areas (14% of sample children) than in rural areas (23% of sample children). Our results also show that children from ethnic minorities, from poorer families, and whose parents are depressed are more likely to be depressed than other children. In contrast, we find that depressive symptoms do not vary by gender. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood depression; China; depressive symptoms; left-behind children; migrant children childhood depression; China; depressive symptoms; left-behind children; migrant children
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Zhou, M.; Zhang, G.; Rozelle, S.; Kenny, K.; Xue, H. Depressive Symptoms of Chinese Children: Prevalence and Correlated Factors among Subgroups. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 283.

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