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Open AccessArticle

Health and Well-Being of Cisgender, Transgender and Non-Binary Young People

1
Department of Social, Work and Differential Psychology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain
2
Servicio LGTBI de la Comunidad de Madrid, 28031 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2133; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102133
Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 21 September 2018 / Accepted: 26 September 2018 / Published: 28 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Young transgender and non-binary individuals (TNBI) are exposed to situations of discrimination and have a greater risk of violence. The purpose of this study is to analyze which protective, violence and health and well-being factors have more influence on TNBI compared to cisgender people. The sample comprised 856 youth between 14 and 25 years old. A survey including questions about sociodemographic information and protective, violence and health and well-being factors was designed ad hoc for this study. The results show the non-binary group received the least support from family and friends, higher risk of suffering cyberbullying, and many feel isolated and unhappy. TNBI have suffered more verbal attacks both inside and outside their school and physical attacks at school than cisgender young. These results are important because they may contribute to the promotion of public policies and clinical interventions that favor the integration of TNBI in our society. View Full-Text
Keywords: transgender; non-binary gender identity; adolescence; health; well-being; gender nonconforming transgender; non-binary gender identity; adolescence; health; well-being; gender nonconforming
MDPI and ACS Style

Aparicio-García, M.E.; Díaz-Ramiro, E.M.; Rubio-Valdehita, S.; López-Núñez, M.I.; García-Nieto, I. Health and Well-Being of Cisgender, Transgender and Non-Binary Young People. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2133.

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