Next Article in Journal
Associations Between the Dopamine D4 Receptor and DAT1 Dopamine Transporter Genes Polymorphisms and Personality Traits in Addicted Patients
Previous Article in Journal
Factors Associated with the Risk of Developing Coronary Artery Disease in Medicated Patients with Major Depressive Disorder
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2074; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102074

Suicide on the Railways in Belgium: A Typology of Locations and Potential for Prevention

1
Institut de Gestion de l’Environnement et d’Amenagement du Territoire (IGEAT-ULB), Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
2
Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
3
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven-University of Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
4
Centre for Mental Health, School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Parkville VIC 3010, Australia
5
Infrabel, Operational Safety Division, 1060 Brussels, Belgium
6
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Hospital Rd, Randwick NSW 2031, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 August 2018 / Revised: 17 September 2018 / Accepted: 20 September 2018 / Published: 21 September 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1377 KB, uploaded 21 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Suicide on railway networks comprises a serious public health problem. However, the geographical distribution and the environmental risk factors remain unclear. This study analyzed the geographic distribution of railway suicides in Belgium from 2008–2013 at the level of a railway section (average length of 3.5 km). Principal component analysis (PCA) identified three groups of correlations that helped explain the variance of railway suicide. The three groups are related to characteristics of urban spaces, psychiatric facilities, and railway traffic density. Based on the PCA results, the study found four types of railway sections. The density of railway suicide was average and low in the urban and rural/industrial sections, respectively. However, it was high in the suburban sections and the sections close to psychiatric facilities. As the geographical proximity of a psychiatric facility comprises a specific risk factor for suicide on railways, preventative measures should target these sections and establish collaborations with psychiatric facilities. The typology of locations found in this study constitutes crucial information for national and local suicide prevention on the Belgian railway network. View Full-Text
Keywords: Belgium; geographical distribution; principal component analysis; psychiatric hospitals; railway; suicide; prevention Belgium; geographical distribution; principal component analysis; psychiatric hospitals; railway; suicide; prevention
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Strale, M.; Krysinska, K.; Van Overmeiren, G.; Andriessen, K. Suicide on the Railways in Belgium: A Typology of Locations and Potential for Prevention. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2074.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top