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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010066

The Human Exposure Potential from Propylene Releases to the Environment

Pennsport Consulting, LLC, 1 Christian Street, Unit#21, Philadelphia, PA 19147, USA
Received: 22 November 2017 / Revised: 22 December 2017 / Accepted: 23 December 2017 / Published: 4 January 2018
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Abstract

A detailed literature search was performed to assess the sources, magnitudes and extent of human inhalation exposure to propylene. Exposure evaluations were performed at both the community and occupational levels for those living or working in different environments. The results revealed a multitude of pyrogenic, biogenic and anthropogenic emission sources. Pyrogenic sources, including biomass burning and fossil fuel combustion, appear to be the primary contributors to atmospheric propylene. Despite a very short atmospheric lifetime, measurable levels could be detected in highly remote locations as a result of biogenic release. The indoor/outdoor ratio for propylene has been shown to range from about 2 to 3 in non-smoking homes, which indicates that residential sources may be the largest contributor to the overall exposure for those not occupationally exposed. In homes where smoking takes place, the levels may be up to thirty times higher than non-smoking residences. Atmospheric levels in most rural regions are typically below 2 ppbv, whereas the values in urban levels are much more variable ranging as high as 10 ppbv. Somewhat elevated propylene exposures may also occur in the workplace; especially for firefighters or refinery plant operators who may encounter levels up to about 10 ppmv. View Full-Text
Keywords: propene; inhalation exposure; emission factor; indoor; occupational; community; pyrogenic; biogenic; anthropogenic propene; inhalation exposure; emission factor; indoor; occupational; community; pyrogenic; biogenic; anthropogenic
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Morgott, D.A. The Human Exposure Potential from Propylene Releases to the Environment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 66.

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