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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(5), 488;

Epidemiology of Drowning in Bangladesh: An Update

Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB), House B162, Road 23, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh
Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, icddr,b. 68 Shaheed Tajuddin Ahmed Sarani, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David C. Schwebel
Received: 22 February 2017 / Revised: 7 April 2017 / Accepted: 3 May 2017 / Published: 5 May 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [454 KB, uploaded 5 May 2017]   |  


Over one-quarter of deaths among 1–4 year-olds in Bangladesh were due to drowning in 2003, and the proportion increased to 42% in 2011. This study describes the current burden and risk factors for drowning across all demographics in rural Bangladesh. A household survey was carried out in 51 union parishads of rural Bangladesh between June and November 2013, covering 1.17 million individuals. Information on fatal and nonfatal drowning events was collected by face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire. Fatal and non-fatal drowning rates were 15.8/100,000/year and 318.4/100,000/6 months, respectively, for all age groups. The highest rates of fatal (121.5/100,000/year) and non-fatal (3057.7/100,000/6 months) drowning were observed among children 1 to 4 years of age. These children had higher rates of fatal (13 times) and non-fatal drowning (16 times) compared with infants. Males had slightly higher rates of both fatal and non-fatal drowning. Individuals with no education had 3 times higher rates of non-fatal drowning compared with those with high school or higher education. Non-fatal drowning rates increased significantly with decrease in socio-economic status (SES) quintiles, from the highest to the lowest. Drowning is a major public health issue in Bangladesh, and is now a major threat to child survival. View Full-Text
Keywords: drowning rate; fatal; non-fatal; rural areas; risk-factors; Bangladesh drowning rate; fatal; non-fatal; rural areas; risk-factors; Bangladesh

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Rahman, A.; Alonge, O.; Bhuiyan, A.-A.; Agrawal, P.; Salam, S.S.; Talab, A.; Rahman, Q.S.-U.; Hyder, A.A. Epidemiology of Drowning in Bangladesh: An Update. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 488.

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