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Open AccessArticle

Occupational Respiratory Diseases of Miners from Two Gold Mines in Ghana

Department of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210000, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 337;
Received: 22 December 2016 / Revised: 4 March 2017 / Accepted: 16 March 2017 / Published: 22 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Pollution and Human Health Risk)
Objective: This study investigated respiratory disorders among gold miners in Ghana, a sub-Saharan African country. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional exploratory design that employed quantitative methods was conducted among 1001 male workers from the Obuasi and Tarkwa mines from December 2015 to April 2016. A total of 1001 workers, consisting of 505 and 496 underground and surface miners, respectively, were involved. The cross-sectional descriptive design was used because data was collected from participants of different experiences by selected participants at a time. Results: The study found significant association between age, educational background, marital status and drinking alcohol on respiratory disorders. The prevalence of asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis and emphysema were respectively 47.55%, 14.29%, 9.69% and 5.10%. Coughing was the most cited respiratory symptom (35.4%). Conclusions: The study documents important evidence on the level of respiratory disorders among miners in Ghana. Instituting appropriate health education interventions and improving the working environment is critical to improving the overall health and preventing respiratory disorders among miners. View Full-Text
Keywords: gold miners; respiratory disorders; asthma; emphysema; bronchitis gold miners; respiratory disorders; asthma; emphysema; bronchitis
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Ayaaba, E.; Li, Y.; Yuan, J.; Ni, C. Occupational Respiratory Diseases of Miners from Two Gold Mines in Ghana. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 337.

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