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Social Networks, Engagement and Resilience in University Students

SALBIS Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of León (Spain), 24071 León, Spain
SALBIS Research Group, Department of Nursing, University of Cantabria (Spain), 39008 Santander, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1488;
Received: 29 October 2017 / Revised: 24 November 2017 / Accepted: 27 November 2017 / Published: 1 December 2017
Analysis of social networks may be a useful tool for understanding the relationship between resilience and engagement, and this could be applied to educational methodologies, not only to improve academic performance, but also to create emotionally sustainable networks. This descriptive study was carried out on 134 university students. We collected the network structural variables, degree of resilience (CD-RISC 10), and engagement (UWES-S). The computer programs used were excel, UCINET for network analysis, and SPSS for statistical analysis. The analysis revealed results of means of 28.61 for resilience, 2.98 for absorption, 4.82 for dedication, and 3.13 for vigour. The students had two preferred places for sharing information: the classroom and WhatsApp. The greater the value for engagement, the greater the degree of centrality in the friendship network among students who are beginning their university studies. This relationship becomes reversed as the students move to later academic years. In terms of resilience, the highest values correspond to greater centrality in the friendship networks. The variables of engagement and resilience influenced the university students’ support networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: social network analysis; resilience; engagement; students nursing social network analysis; resilience; engagement; students nursing
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Fernández-Martínez, E.; Andina-Díaz, E.; Fernández-Peña, R.; García-López, R.; Fulgueiras-Carril, I.; Liébana-Presa, C. Social Networks, Engagement and Resilience in University Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1488.

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