Next Article in Journal
Methods for Involving Older People in Health Research—A Review of the Literature
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of CaO on NOx Reduction by Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction under Variable Gas Compositions in a Simulated Cement Precalciner Atmosphere
Article

Are Changes in Neighbourhood Perceptions Associated with Changes in Self-Rated Mental Health in Adults? A 13-Year Repeat Cross-Sectional Study, UK

MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow G2 3QB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1473; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121473
Received: 9 November 2017 / Revised: 23 November 2017 / Accepted: 25 November 2017 / Published: 29 November 2017
The aim of this study was to examine changes in neighbourhood perceptions on self-rated mental health problems over time, and to explore demographic, geographic and socio-economic factors as determinants of increased or decreased anxiety and depression symptoms. We conducted a repeat cross-sectional study of individuals (N: 4480) living in the same areas of west central Scotland in 1997 and 2010. Individuals were asked to complete a questionnaire at both time-points, containing 14 questions relating to neighbourhood perceptions and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). A three-level linear regression model was fitted to HADS scores and changes in neighbourhood perceptions over time; controlling for a number of individual and area-level variables. Overall, area-level mean HADS scores decreased from 1997 to 2010. When adjusted for individual and area-level variables, this decrease did not remain for HADS anxiety. Applying an overall 14-scale neighbourhood perception measure, worsening neighbourhood perceptions were associated with small increases in depression (0.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.01 to 0.07) and anxiety (0.04, 95% CI 0.00 to 0.08) scores over time. This highlights a need for local and national policy to target areas where neighbourhood characteristics are substantially deteriorating in order to ensure the mental health of individuals does not worsen. View Full-Text
Keywords: neighbourhoods; neighbourhood perceptions; depression; anxiety; mental health; environment; health inequality neighbourhoods; neighbourhood perceptions; depression; anxiety; mental health; environment; health inequality
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Olsen, J.R.; Dundas, R.; Ellaway, A. Are Changes in Neighbourhood Perceptions Associated with Changes in Self-Rated Mental Health in Adults? A 13-Year Repeat Cross-Sectional Study, UK. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1473. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121473

AMA Style

Olsen JR, Dundas R, Ellaway A. Are Changes in Neighbourhood Perceptions Associated with Changes in Self-Rated Mental Health in Adults? A 13-Year Repeat Cross-Sectional Study, UK. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(12):1473. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121473

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olsen, Jonathan R., Ruth Dundas, and Anne Ellaway. 2017. "Are Changes in Neighbourhood Perceptions Associated with Changes in Self-Rated Mental Health in Adults? A 13-Year Repeat Cross-Sectional Study, UK" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14, no. 12: 1473. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121473

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop