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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1471; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121471

Characterization and Computation of Yb/TiO2 and Its Photocatalytic Degradation with Benzohydroxamic Acid

1,2,3
,
1,3
,
1,3
,
1,2,3,* and 2
1
Faculty of Resource and Environmental Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou 341000, China
2
Post-Doctoral Scientific Research Workstation of Western Mining Co. Ltd., Xining 810001, China
3
Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Mining and Metallurgy Environmental Pollution Control, Ganzhou 341000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 20 November 2017 / Accepted: 20 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
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Abstract

Yb-doped TiO2 (Yb/TiO2) compositions were synthesized by sol-gel method, and the prepared materials were characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-visible diffuse-reflectance spectrum (UV-Vis DRS), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), and N2 adsorption. A beneficiation reagent of benzohydroxamic acid (BHA) was used to test the photocatalytic activity of Yb/TiO2. The characterizations indicate that the doping of Yb could inhibit the crystal growth of TiO2, enhance the specific surface area, increase the binding energy of Ti2p, and also slightly expand the adsorption ranges to visible light. Furthermore, the computation of band structure also indicates that Yb-doped TiO2 could make the forbidden band narrower than pure anatase TiO2, which presents a red shift in the absorption spectrum. As a result of the photodegradation experiment on BHA, Yb/TiO2 (0.50% in mass) sintered at 450 °C displayed the highest catalytic activity for BHA when compared with pure TiO2 or other doped Yb/TiO2 compositions, and more than 89.2% of the total organic carbon was removed after 120 min. Almost all anions, including Cl, HCO3, NO3, and SO42−, inhibited the degradation of BHA by Yb/TiO2, and their inhibition effects followed the order of HCO3 > NO3 > SO42− > Cl. Cations of Na+, K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ displayed a slight suppressing effect due to the impact of Cl coexisting in the solution. In addition, Yb/TiO2 maintained a high photocatalytic ability with respect to BHA after four runs. It is hypothesized that ·OH is one of the main species involved in the photodegradation of BHA, and the mutual transformation of Yb3+ and Yb2+ could promote the separation of electron-hole pairs. View Full-Text
Keywords: benzohydroxamic acid; characterization; computation; rare earth; Yb; active species benzohydroxamic acid; characterization; computation; rare earth; Yb; active species
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Luo, X.; Zhu, S.; Wang, J.; Wang, C.; Wu, M. Characterization and Computation of Yb/TiO2 and Its Photocatalytic Degradation with Benzohydroxamic Acid. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1471.

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