Next Article in Journal
Methylmercury Exposure Induces Sexual Dysfunction in Male and Female Drosophila Melanogaster
Next Article in Special Issue
Dietary Inflammatory Index and Cardiometabolic Risk Parameters in Overweight and Sedentary Subjects
Previous Article in Journal
Association between Long-Term Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Mortality in a South Korean National Cohort: Comparison across Different Exposure Assessment Approaches
Previous Article in Special Issue
Consumption of Energy Drinks among Undergraduate Students in Taiwan: Related Factors and Associations with Substance Use
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1106;

Agricultural Capacity to Increase the Production of Select Fruits and Vegetables in the US: A Geospatial Modeling Analysis

Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 2420 2nd Avenue N, Grand Forks, ND 58203, USA
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, 150 Harrison Ave. Boston, MA 02111, USA
School of Medicine, Tufts University, 136 Harrison Ave. Boston, MA 02111, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2017 / Revised: 18 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 23 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Public Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4697 KB, uploaded 23 September 2017]   |  


The capacity of US agriculture to increase the output of specific foods to accommodate increased demand is not well documented. This research uses geospatial modeling to examine the capacity of the US agricultural landbase to increase the per capita availability of an example set of nutrient-dense fruits and vegetables. These fruits and vegetables were selected based on nutrient content and an increasing trend of domestic production and consumption. Geographic information system models were parameterized to identify agricultural land areas meeting crop-specific growing requirements for monthly precipitation and temperature; soil depth and type; cropland availability; and proximity to existing production centers. The results of these analyses demonstrate that crop production can be expanded by nearly 144,000 ha within existing national production centers, generating an additional 0.05 cup-equivalents of fruits and vegetables per capita per day, representing a 1.7% increase above current total F&V availability. Expanding the size of national crop production centers can further increase the availability of all F&V by 2.5%–5.4%, which is still less than the recommended amount. Challenges to increasing F&V production in the US include lack of labor availability, barriers to adoption among producers, and threats to crop yields from environmental concerns. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruits and vegetables; GIS; model; geospatial; capacity fruits and vegetables; GIS; model; geospatial; capacity

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Conrad, Z.; Peters, C.J.; Chui, K.; Jahns, L.; Griffin, T.S. Agricultural Capacity to Increase the Production of Select Fruits and Vegetables in the US: A Geospatial Modeling Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1106.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top