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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1127;

Drug Dependence Treatment Awareness among Japanese Female Stimulant Drug Offenders

Department of Public Health and Health Policy, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-0037, Japan
Department of Medicine, Iwakuni Prison, 6-11-29, Nishimi, Iwakuni-city, Yamaguchi 741-0061, Japan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Icro Maremmani
Received: 25 August 2016 / Revised: 4 November 2016 / Accepted: 7 November 2016 / Published: 11 November 2016
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Few stimulant drug users receive adequate treatment. This cross-sectional study describes the characteristics of female drug offenders that use stimulants and clarifies the factors related to the awareness of treatment for drug dependencies. We included 80 females imprisoned due to stimulant control law violations from 2012 to 2015. The characteristics of the female prisoners were stratified according to various treatment awareness levels, and associations between each characteristic and treatment awareness were evaluated using logistic regression models. The average period of stimulant drug use was 17.7 years. Participants imprisoned for the second time were significantly more likely to consider treatment compared to those imprisoned only once: odds ratio (OR) = 3.2 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.0–10.7). This elevated OR was diluted in repeat offenders. Participants who had experienced multiple aftereffects (≥7) or serious depressive symptoms were also more likely to consider treatment: OR = 6.1 (95% CI: 1.8–20.8) and OR = 2.5 (95% CI: 1.0–6.2), respectively. Second-time stimulant offenders or offenders who had experienced health problems were more likely to consider it important to receive drug dependence treatment. To overcome relapses of stimulant use, it is recommended that stimulant use offenders are encouraged to accept adequate treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: stimulant drug; dependence; prevention; treatment; prisoners stimulant drug; dependence; prevention; treatment; prisoners
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Yatsugi, S.; Fujita, K.; Kashima, S.; Eboshida, A. Drug Dependence Treatment Awareness among Japanese Female Stimulant Drug Offenders. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1127.

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