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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1115;

Access to Drinking Water and Sanitation in Rural Kazakhstan

Department of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, Box 118, Lund SE-22100, Sweden
Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, Box 201, Lund SE-22100, Sweden
Department of International Cooperation and Bologna Process, Karaganda State Medical University, Gogol str 40, Karagandy 100048, Kazakhstan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Warish Ahmed
Received: 19 May 2016 / Revised: 25 October 2016 / Accepted: 31 October 2016 / Published: 9 November 2016
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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require nations to ensure adequate water supply for all. For Kazakhstan, this means that rural areas will need much stronger attention as they have been rather neglected in efforts to comply with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This study aims to establish a baseline data concerning the current situation in villages that will need interventions according to the SDGs. The study was performed by means of questionnaires. The results should be seen as initial guidelines that can help to illuminate some of the uncounted challenges in future efforts to meet the SDG targets. As hardly any information exists about sanitation in rural Kazakhstan, the study essentially focuses on water services. The results show that 65% of rural dwellers want to connect and pay for the piped water supply. At the same time, about 80% have toilets outside their home. Consequently, the water program aiming at providing 80% of rural people with access to tap water from a centralized piped system will not be possible. However, by carefully managing the existing water supply and sanitation system in joint collaboration with the local users, significant progress can be made. The present results show the important first steps that need to be taken in this direction. View Full-Text
Keywords: access to drinking water; sanitation; water services; rural Kazakhstan; SDG access to drinking water; sanitation; water services; rural Kazakhstan; SDG

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Tussupova, K.; Hjorth, P.; Berndtsson, R. Access to Drinking Water and Sanitation in Rural Kazakhstan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1115.

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