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Prevalence and Correlates of Prehypertension and Hypertension among Adults in Northeastern China: A Cross-Sectional Study

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
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Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13010082
Received: 2 November 2015 / Revised: 11 December 2015 / Accepted: 22 December 2015 / Published: 25 December 2015
Background: Prehypertension is a category between normotension and hypertension that is becoming increasingly common in China. However, limited data are available on the prevalence and correlates of prehypertension in northeastern China. Methods: A cross-sectional study using stratified, clustered multistage, and random sampling methods was performed on 17,584 participants. Results: The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was 36.0% and 30.8% in northeastern China, respectively. As age increased, the prevalence of prehypertension in males declined (p-trend < 0.001), in parallel to an increase in the prevalence of hypertension (p-trend < 0.001). The prevalence of hypertension for females increased as age increased (p-trend < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that age, gender, location, drinking, Body Mass Index (BMI), abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypercholesterolemia correlated with prehypertension and hypertension (p-trend < 0.05). Conclusions: This study revealed a high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in an adult population of northeastern China and some correlates of prehypertension and hypertension. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypertension; prevalence; correlate hypertension; prevalence; correlate
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Yang, G.; Ma, Y.; Wang, S.; Su, Y.; Rao, W.; Fu, Y.; Yu, Y.; Kou, C. Prevalence and Correlates of Prehypertension and Hypertension among Adults in Northeastern China: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 82.

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