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Open AccessArticle

Dietary Acculturation among Filipino Americans

Department of Nursing, William Paterson University 300 Pompton Rd., Wayne, NJ 07470, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mark Edberg, Barbara E. Hayes, Valerie Montgomery Rice and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 16;
Received: 14 August 2015 / Revised: 6 October 2015 / Accepted: 12 October 2015 / Published: 22 December 2015
Acculturation, the subsequent changes that occur in one culture after continuous first hand contact with another culture, impacts the dietary habits and health risks of individuals. This study examines the acculturation, dietary habits and anthropometric measurements in a sample of 210 first generation Filipino American immigrants in New Jersey (NJ). Acculturation was measured using the Short Acculturation Scale for Filipino Americans (ASASFA). Dietary acculturation was measured using the Dietary Acculturation Questionnaire for Filipino Americans (DAQFA) and dietary intake was determined using the Block’s Brief Food Frequency Questionnaire (BFFQ). Anthropometric measurements were obtained including weight, height and waist circumference. Acculturation had a significant negative relationship with Filipino Dietary acculturation. Western dietary acculturation was significantly correlated with caloric intake (r(208) = 0.193, p < 0.01), percentage fat intake (r(208) = 0.154, p < 0.05), percentage carbohydrate intake (r(208) = −0.172, p < 0.05), Body Mass Index (BMI) (r(208) = 0.216, p < 0.01) and waist circumference (r(208) = 0.161, p < 0.01). There was no significant correlation between Filipino dietary acculturation, dietary intake and anthropometric measurements. The results showed that Filipino American immigrants have increased risks including increased BMI, waist circumference and increased fat intake. Over all, this research highlighted some dietary changes and their effects on dietary intake and health status. View Full-Text
Keywords: acculturation; dietary acculturation; Filipino diet; Filipino nutrition; Filipino immigrants; Filipino Americans acculturation; dietary acculturation; Filipino diet; Filipino nutrition; Filipino immigrants; Filipino Americans
MDPI and ACS Style

Vargas, P.; Jurado, L.-F. Dietary Acculturation among Filipino Americans. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 16.

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