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Basic Characteristics and Spatial Patterns of Pseudo-Settlements—Taking Dalian as An Example

1,2,3,†, 1,3,† and 1,3,*
School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
Applied Technology College of Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116300, China
The Research Center of Human Settlements, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 145;
Received: 30 July 2015 / Revised: 18 December 2015 / Accepted: 22 December 2015 / Published: 20 January 2016
PDF [3751 KB, uploaded 20 January 2016]


A person’s living behavior patterns are closely related to three types of settlements: real-life settlements, imagined settlements, and pseudo-settlements. The term “pseudo-settlement” (PS) refers to the places that are selectively recorded and represented after the mass media chose and restructure the residence information. As the mass media rapidly develops and people’s way of obtaining information gradually change, PS has already become one of the main ways for people to recognize and understand real-life settlements, as well as describe their impressions of imagined settlements. PS also has a profound impact on tourism, employment, investment, migration, real estate development, etc. Thus, the study of PSs has important theoretical and practical significance. This paper proposes to put forward residential quarters where the mass media is displayed as the object of study and establishes the pseudo-settlement index system of Dalian in and elaborate analysis of the concept of PSs. From three aspects, including pseudo-buildings, pseudo-districts and pseudo-culture, this paper uses the ArcGIS 10.0 kernel density (spacial analyst) to analyze and interpret the basic characteristics and spatial patterns of 14 elements of the PS in Dalian. Through systemic clustering analysis, it identifies eight major types of PSs in Dalian. Then it systematically elaborates current situations and characteristics of the spatial pattern of PSs in Dalian, namely: regionally concentrated, widely scattered and blank spaces without pseudo-settlements. Finally, this paper discusses the mechanism of formation of PSs in Dalian. View Full-Text
Keywords: pseudo-settlement; spatial pattern; characteristics; Dalian pseudo-settlement; spatial pattern; characteristics; Dalian

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Gao, J.; Zhang, Y.; Li, X. Basic Characteristics and Spatial Patterns of Pseudo-Settlements—Taking Dalian as An Example. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 145.

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