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Back-Analyses of Landfill Instability Induced by High Water Level: Case Study of Shenzhen Landfill

Department of Civil Engineering, Beihang University, No.37 Xue-Yuan Road, Beijing 100191, China
Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, No.20 Che-Gongzhuang West Road, Beijing 100048, China
Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, MOE Key Laboratory of Soft Soils and Geo-environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, No.866 Yu-Hangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 126;
Received: 8 September 2015 / Revised: 28 December 2015 / Accepted: 7 January 2016 / Published: 12 January 2016
PDF [6946 KB, uploaded 12 January 2016]


In June 2008, the Shenzhen landfill slope failed. This case is used as an example to study the deformation characteristics and failure mode of a slope induced by high water levels. An integrated monitoring system, including water level gauges, electronic total stations, and inclinometers, was used to monitor the slope failure process. The field measurements suggest that the landfill landslide was caused by a deep slip along the weak interface of the composite liner system at the base of the landfill. The high water level is considered to be the main factor that caused this failure. To calculate the relative interface shear displacements in the geosynthetic multilayer liner system, a series of numerical direct shear tests were carried out. Based on the numerical results, the composite lining system simplified and the centrifuge modeling technique was used to quantitatively evaluate the effect of water levels on landfill instability. View Full-Text
Keywords: landfill instability; high water level; back analyses landfill instability; high water level; back analyses

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Peng, R.; Hou, Y.; Zhan, L.; Yao, Y. Back-Analyses of Landfill Instability Induced by High Water Level: Case Study of Shenzhen Landfill. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 126.

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