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Open AccessArticle

Self-Exempting Beliefs and Intention to Quit Smoking within a Socially Disadvantaged Australian Sample of Smokers

1
School of Medicine & Public Health, University of Newcastle, P.O. Box 833, Newcastle NSW 2300, Australia
2
School of Medicine & Public Health, University of Newcastle & Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle 2305, Australia
3
National Centre for Epidemiology & Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
4
Clinical Research Design IT and Statistical Support Unit, University of Newcastle & Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle 2305, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Coral Gartner and Britta Wigginton
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13010118
Received: 9 November 2015 / Revised: 6 January 2016 / Accepted: 6 January 2016 / Published: 11 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control 2015)
An investigation of beliefs used to rationalise smoking will have important implications for the content of anti-smoking programs targeted at socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, who show the lowest rates of cessation in the population. This study aimed to assess the types of self-exempting beliefs reported by a sample of socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers, and identify associations between these beliefs and other smoking-related factors with quit intentions. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from March–December 2012 with smokers seeking welfare assistance in New South Wales (NSW), Australia (n = 354; response rate 79%). Responses to a 16-item self-exempting beliefs scale and intention to quit, smoker identity, and enjoyment of smoking were assessed. Most participants earned <AUD$400/week (70%), and had not completed secondary schooling (64%). All “jungle” beliefs (normalising the dangers of smoking due to ubiquity of risk) and selected “skeptic” beliefs were endorsed by 25%–47% of the sample, indicating these smokers may not fully understand the extensive risks associated with smoking. Smokers with limited quit intentions held significantly stronger self-exempting beliefs than those contemplating or preparing to quit (all p < 0.01). After adjusting for smoking-related variables only “skeptic” beliefs were significantly associated with intention to quit (p = 0.02). Some of these beliefs are incorrect and could be addressed in anti-smoking campaigns. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-exempting beliefs; smoking; disadvantage self-exempting beliefs; smoking; disadvantage
MDPI and ACS Style

Guillaumier, A.; Bonevski, B.; Paul, C.; D’Este, C.; Twyman, L.; Palazzi, K.; Oldmeadow, C. Self-Exempting Beliefs and Intention to Quit Smoking within a Socially Disadvantaged Australian Sample of Smokers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 118. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13010118

AMA Style

Guillaumier A, Bonevski B, Paul C, D’Este C, Twyman L, Palazzi K, Oldmeadow C. Self-Exempting Beliefs and Intention to Quit Smoking within a Socially Disadvantaged Australian Sample of Smokers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(1):118. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13010118

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guillaumier, Ashleigh; Bonevski, Billie; Paul, Christine; D’Este, Catherine; Twyman, Laura; Palazzi, Kerrin; Oldmeadow, Christopher. 2016. "Self-Exempting Beliefs and Intention to Quit Smoking within a Socially Disadvantaged Australian Sample of Smokers" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 1: 118. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13010118

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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