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Open AccessArticle

Sex and Age Differences in Mortality in Southern China, 2004–2010

School of Public Health, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
Nanning Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning 530028, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 7886-7898;
Received: 14 May 2015 / Revised: 17 June 2015 / Accepted: 17 June 2015 / Published: 10 July 2015
The purpose of this study was to describe the mortality patterns in the southern provinces of China, and to provide epidemiologic data on sex and age differences of death outcomes. Reliable mortality and population data from January 2004 to December 2010 were obtained from 12 Disease Surveillance Point (DSP) sites in four provinces of China. Death data from all causes and respiratory disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia and influenza, circulatory disease, and ischemic heart disease, were stratified by year, month of death occurrence and sex, seven age groups, and summarized by descriptive statistics. The mean annual mortality rates of the selected 12 DSP sites in the southernmost provinces of China were 543.9 (range: 423.9–593.6) deaths per 100,000 population. The death rates show that noted sex differences were higher in the male population for all-cause, COPD and circulatory diseases. Pneumonia and influenza death rates present a different sex- and age-related distribution, with higher rates in male aged 65–74 years; whereas the death rates were opposite in elderly aged ≥75 years, and relatively higher in young children. This study had practical implications for recommending target groups for public health interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: mortality; sex and age differences; southern China mortality; sex and age differences; southern China
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Yu, L.; Lin, X.; Liu, H.; Shi, J.; Nong, Q.; Tang, H.; Mao, Z. Sex and Age Differences in Mortality in Southern China, 2004–2010. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7886-7898.

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