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Open AccessArticle

Cost-Effectiveness of a New Nordic Diet as a Strategy for Health Promotion

1
Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 25, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
2
DTU Management Engineering, Global Decision Support Initiative, Danish Technical University, Produktionstorvet, Building 424, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 7370-7391; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120707370
Received: 27 April 2015 / Revised: 12 June 2015 / Accepted: 25 June 2015 / Published: 30 June 2015
Inappropriate diets constitute an important health risk and an increasing environmental burden. Healthy regional diets may contribute to meeting this dual challenge. A palatable, healthy and sustainable New Nordic diet (NND) based on organic products from the Nordic region has been developed. This study assesses whether a large-scale introduction of NND is a cost-effective health promotion strategy by combining an economic model for estimating the utility-maximizing composition of NND, a life cycle assessment model to assess environmental effects of the dietary change, and a health impact model to assess impacts on the disease burden. Consumer expenditure for food and beverages in the NND is about 16% higher than currently, with the largest relative difference in low-income households. Environmental loads from food consumption are 15%–25% lower, and more than 18,000 disability-adjusted life years (DALY) will be saved per year in Denmark. NND exhibits a cost-effectiveness ratio of about €73,000–94,000 per DALY saved. This cost-effectiveness improves considerably, if the NND’s emphasis on organic and Nordic-origin products is relaxed. View Full-Text
Keywords: New Nordic Diet; environmental impact; public health; cost-effectiveness New Nordic Diet; environmental impact; public health; cost-effectiveness
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Jensen, J.D.; Saxe, H.; Denver, S. Cost-Effectiveness of a New Nordic Diet as a Strategy for Health Promotion. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7370-7391.

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