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Article

A Meta-Analysis of Cigarette Smoking Prevalence among Adolescents in China: 1981–2010

by 1,2,* and 2,3,*
1
Department of Child and Adolescent and Maternal Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan 430032, China
2
Pediatric Prevention Research Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
3
Department of Epidemiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(5), 4617-4630; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120504617
Received: 27 February 2015 / Accepted: 14 April 2015 / Published: 27 April 2015
Background: Systematic data regarding adolescent smoking are needed at the national level to support evidence-based tobacco control in China. The goal of this study was to estimate smoking prevalence among Chinese adolescents using published data. Methods: Published studies were located electronically from the commonly used databases in Chinese and English, complemented by manual searching. Forty-five studies were selected of the 9771 retrieved from the databases. These studies targeted adolescents aged 12–17 or middle/high school students, were conducted during the 1981–2010, and had adequate data for meta-analysis. The 45 selected studies covered 52 sites in different parts of China. Smoking rates were estimated using the sample-weighted and random effect method. Results: The estimated prevalence rate of lifetime smoking (ever smoked) varied within a narrow range (39.04%–46.03%) for males and progressively increased from 2.47% in 1981–1985 to 19.72% in 2001–2005 for females. The prevalence rate of current (30-day) smoking for males declined from 26.62% in 1981–1985 to 10.86% in 1996–2000 before increasing again. The prevalence of current smoking for females increased from 0.29% in 1981–1985 to 3.26% in 2006–2010. Conclusions: The high levels of male smoking and the rapid increase in female smoking indicate growing burdens from tobacco-related diseases, underscoring the urgent need to strengthen adolescent tobacco control in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; tobacco use; meta-analysis; China adolescents; tobacco use; meta-analysis; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Han, J.; Chen, X. A Meta-Analysis of Cigarette Smoking Prevalence among Adolescents in China: 1981–2010. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 4617-4630. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120504617

AMA Style

Han J, Chen X. A Meta-Analysis of Cigarette Smoking Prevalence among Adolescents in China: 1981–2010. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(5):4617-4630. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120504617

Chicago/Turabian Style

Han, Juan, and Xinguang Chen. 2015. "A Meta-Analysis of Cigarette Smoking Prevalence among Adolescents in China: 1981–2010" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12, no. 5: 4617-4630. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120504617

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