Next Article in Journal
The Influence of Climacteric Symptoms on Women’s Lives and Activities
Previous Article in Journal
Increasing Rates of Brain Tumours in the Swedish National Inpatient Register and the Causes of Death Register
Open AccessReview

Conceptual and Operational Considerations in Identifying Socioenvironmental Factors Associated with Disability among Community-Dwelling Adults

by Mathieu Philibert 1,2,3,*, Robert Pampalon 2,4 and Mark Daniel 3,5,6
1
Département de Sexologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C 3P8, Canada
2
Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec, Montréal, QC H2P 1E2, Canada
3
Departement de Medecine Sociale et Preventive, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3N 1X9, Canada
4
Departement de Medecine Sociale et Preventive, Université Laval, Quebec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
5
Spatial Epidemiology and Evaluation Research Group, School of Population Health, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
6
Department of Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Fitzroy, VIC 3065, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(4), 3814-3834; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120403814
Received: 17 February 2015 / Revised: 31 March 2015 / Accepted: 1 April 2015 / Published: 3 April 2015
Disability is conceived as a person–context interaction. Physical and social environments are identified as intervention targets for improving social participation and independence. In comparison to the body of research on place and health, relatively few reports have been published on residential environments and disability in the health sciences literature. We reviewed studies evaluating the socioenvironmental correlates of disability. Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase and CINAHL databases for peer-reviewed articles published between 1997 and 2014. We found many environmental factors to be associated with disability, particularly area-level socioeconomic status and rurality. However, diversity in conceptual and methodological approaches to such research yields a limited basis for comparing studies. Conceptual inconsistencies in operational measures of disability and conceptual disagreement between studies potentially affect understanding of socioenvironmental influences. Similarly, greater precision in socioenvironmental measures and in study designs are likely to improve inference. Consistent and generalisable support for socioenvironmental influences on disability in the general adult population is scarce. View Full-Text
Keywords: disability; social participation; activities of daily living; residential characteristics; environments; socioeconomic inequalities disability; social participation; activities of daily living; residential characteristics; environments; socioeconomic inequalities
MDPI and ACS Style

Philibert, M.; Pampalon, R.; Daniel, M. Conceptual and Operational Considerations in Identifying Socioenvironmental Factors Associated with Disability among Community-Dwelling Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 3814-3834.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop