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Comment published on 5 March 2015, see Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 2901-2902.
Article

Association between Self-Reported Global Sleep Status and Prevalence of Hypertension in Chinese Adults: Data from the Kailuan Community

1
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
2
Heart Center, Peking University People's Hospital, No.11 South Xizhimen Avenue, Beijing 100044, China
3
Department of Education and Science, China Medical Association, Beijing 100044, China
4
Department of Cardiology, The Kailuan General Hospital, Hebei United University, No.57, East Xinhua Avenue, Tangshan 063001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(1), 488-503; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120100488
Received: 30 September 2014 / Accepted: 24 December 2014 / Published: 7 January 2015
Background: Assessment of sleep only by sleep duration is not sufficient. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the potential association of self-reported global sleep status, which contained both qualitative and quantitative aspects, with hypertension prevalence in Chinese adults. Methods: A total of 5461 subjects (4076 of them were male) were enrolled in the current study and were divided into two groups with the age of 45 years as the cut-off value. Sleep status of all subjects was assessed using the standard Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Hypertension was defined as blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg in the current study. Results: After adjusting for basic cardiovascular characteristics, the results of multivariate logistic regression indicated that sleep status, which was defined as the additive measurement of sleep duration and sleep quality, was associated with hypertension prevalence in males of both age groups (odds ratio (OR) = 1.11, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.07–1.15, p < 0.05; OR = 1.12, 95% CI, 1.08–1.15, p < 0.05) and in females aged ≤45years (OR = 1.10, 95% CI, 1.02–1.18, p < 0.05). As one component of PSQI, short sleep duration was associated with hypertension prevalence only in Chinese male subjects, but this association disappeared after the further adjustment of the other components of PSQI that measured the qualitative aspect of sleep. Conclusion: Association between sleep status and hypertension prevalence in Chinese adults varied by age and sex. Sleep should be measured qualitatively and quantitatively when investigating its association with hypertension. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypertension; sleep status; sleep quality; sleep duration hypertension; sleep status; sleep quality; sleep duration
MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, K.; Ding, R.; Tang, Q.; Chen, J.; Wang, L.; Wang, C.; Wu, S.; Hu, D. Association between Self-Reported Global Sleep Status and Prevalence of Hypertension in Chinese Adults: Data from the Kailuan Community. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 488-503. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120100488

AMA Style

Lu K, Ding R, Tang Q, Chen J, Wang L, Wang C, Wu S, Hu D. Association between Self-Reported Global Sleep Status and Prevalence of Hypertension in Chinese Adults: Data from the Kailuan Community. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(1):488-503. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120100488

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lu, Kai, Rongjing Ding, Qin Tang, Jia Chen, Li Wang, Changying Wang, Shouling Wu, and Dayi Hu. 2015. "Association between Self-Reported Global Sleep Status and Prevalence of Hypertension in Chinese Adults: Data from the Kailuan Community" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12, no. 1: 488-503. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120100488

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