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Open AccessArticle

Attitude and Impact of Perceived Depression in the Workplace

Institute & Department of Psychiatry (LIM-23), University of São Paulo Medical School, Rua Dr. Ovídio Pires de Campos, 785, São Paulo, SP 05403-010, Brazil
Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Avenida Professor Lineu Prestes, 1524, São Paulo, SP 05508-900, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(6), 6021-6036;
Received: 28 March 2014 / Revised: 21 May 2014 / Accepted: 3 June 2014 / Published: 6 June 2014
Information concerning the occurrence and consequences of depression in the workplace is scarce. This study estimates how workers perceive depression, to investigate depression-related disabilities, and management of depression in the workplace. This investigation is based on a cross-sectional web-based survey of 1,000 workers recruited from online sources. The participants were Brazilian workers, aged 16–64 years, current workers and managers, or who have worked within the past year. Subjects answered a 13-item questionnaire about depression, its related consequences in the workplace, and available resources to handle depression. Common symptoms attributable to depression were crying, loss of interest, and sadness. Almost one in five participants reported having ever been labeled by a doctor/medical professional as suffering from depression. However, the majority of ever-depressed workers (73.5%) remained working. Performance-related impairments were reported by around 60% of depressed workers who continued working. Over half of them also complained about cognitive symptoms (concentration difficulties, indecisiveness, forgetfulness). One in three workers had taken off work due to depression (mean 65.7 out-of-role days), with these periods being lengthier for men than women. Managers underestimated the number of days out-of-role (29.5 days). The findings suggested that identification and management of symptoms of depression should be set as a priority in worker’s health care. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; workplace; cognitive symptoms; productivity depression; workplace; cognitive symptoms; productivity
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Wang, Y.-P.; Gorenstein, C. Attitude and Impact of Perceived Depression in the Workplace. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 6021-6036.

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