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Though not Reservoirs, Dogs might Transmit Leptospira in New Caledonia

Institut Pasteur in New Caledonia, 9-11 avenue Paul Doumer, BP 61 98845 NOUMEA Cedex, New Caledonia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(4), 4316-4325;
Received: 22 January 2014 / Revised: 26 March 2014 / Accepted: 28 March 2014 / Published: 17 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Leptospirosis in the Animal—Human-Ecosystem Interface)
Leptospira has been a major public health concern in New Caledonia for decades. However, few multidisciplinary studies addressing the zoonotic pattern of this disease were conducted so far. Here, pig, deer and dog samples were collected. Analyses were performed using molecular detection and genotyping. Serological analyses were also performed for dogs. Our results suggest that deer are a reservoir of L. borgpetersenii Hardjobovis and pigs a reservoir of L. interrogans Pomona. Interestingly, 4.4% of dogs were renal carriers of Leptospira. In dog populations, MAT results confirmed the circulation of the same Leptospira serogroups involved in human cases. Even if not reservoirs, dogs might be of significance in human contamination by making an epidemiological link between wild or feral reservoirs and humans. Dogs could bring pathogens back home, shedding Leptospira via their urine and in turn increasing the risk of human contamination. We propose to consider dog as a vector, particularly in rural areas where seroprevalence is significantly higher than urban areas. Our results highlight the importance of animal health in improving leptospirosis prevention in a One Health approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: Leptospira; epidemiology; mammal; dog; reservoir; vector Leptospira; epidemiology; mammal; dog; reservoir; vector
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Gay, N.; Soupé-Gilbert, M.-E.; Goarant, C. Though not Reservoirs, Dogs might Transmit Leptospira in New Caledonia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 4316-4325.

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