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Open AccessArticle

The Association of Lone-Motherhood with Smoking Cessation and Relapse: Prospective Results from an Australian National Study

Department of Health Promotion, Social and Behavioral Health, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 984365 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-4365, USA
Office of Epidemiology and Research, Division of Epidemiology, HRSA/Maternal and Child Health Bureau, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 5600 Fishers lane, Room 18-41, Rockville, MD 20857, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(7), 2906-2919;
Received: 20 May 2013 / Revised: 2 July 2013 / Accepted: 3 July 2013 / Published: 12 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control in Vulnerable Population Groups)
The aims were to examine the association of lone-motherhood with smoking cessation and relapse, and to investigate the extent to which this association was accounted for by socioeconomic status (education, occupation, and income), social support, and mental health. We used data from 10 yearly waves (2001 to 2010) of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Response rate in the first wave was 66%. Logistic regression was used to examine the effect of lone-motherhood and other covariates on smoking cessation (n = 2,878) and relapse (n = 3,242). Results showed that the age-adjusted odds of smoking cessation were 32% smaller among lone mothers than partnered mothers (p = 0.004). The age-adjusted odds of relapse was 172% greater among lone mothers than partnered mothers (p < 0.001). We found that socioeconomic status, social support, and mental health account for some of the association of lone motherhood and cessation and relapse. While efforts to reduce the smoking prevalence among lone mothers should focus on their material deprivation, availability of social support, and addressing mental health issues, other factors unique to the lives of lone mothers also need to be taken into account. More research is needed to discover other factors that can explain the association of lone-motherhood and smoking behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: lone-motherhood; smoking cessation; relapse lone-motherhood; smoking cessation; relapse
MDPI and ACS Style

Siahpush, M.; Shaikh, R.A.; Tibbits, M.; Huang, T.T.-K.; Singh, G.K. The Association of Lone-Motherhood with Smoking Cessation and Relapse: Prospective Results from an Australian National Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2906-2919.

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