The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these
manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers
submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: The Rise and Demise of Integrated Pest Management in Rice in Indonesia
Author: Craig Thorburn
Affiliation: Centre for Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University, Clayton Campus, Victoria 3800, Australia; E-Mail: Craig.Thorburn@monash.edu
Abstract: Indonesia’s 11-year (1989-99) National Integrated Pest Management Program was a spectacularly successful example of wide-scale adoption of IPM principles and practice in a developing country. This program introduced the innovative Farmer Field School model of agro-ecosystem-based experiential learning, subsequently adapted to different crops and agricultural systems in countries throughout the world. Since the termination of the program in 1999, Indonesia has undergone profound changes as the country enters a new era of democratic reform. Government support for the national IPM program has wavered during this period, contributing to a resurgence of the pesticide-induced resurgent pest problems that led to its establishment in the first place.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Integrated Pest Management for Sustainable Intensification: Impacts on Agroecosystems in Asia and Africa
Authors: Jules Pretty and Zareen Bharucha
Affiliation: School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, UK; E-Mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: This paper analyses recent evidence on how Integrated Pest Management has contributed to the successful sustainable intensification of crop production amongst smallholders across countries of Asia and Africa. Systems of IPM have contributed to reduced crop losses to pests and diseases while conserving ecosystem services and raising yields. We set out an overview of the challenge posed by crop pests in smallholder contexts, and the need for management technologies and practices that build natural capital at the same time as serving farmers' needs. We then set out the evidence on impacts from a wide variety of recent projects across two continents drawing on the ten year period of 2004-2014. We discuss how the spread of IPM presents a novel trajectory of innovation development and dissemination, relying as it has on strong horizontal linkages that create social capital between farmers, between farmers and extensionists, and between researchers of different disciplines. We conclude by discussing barriers and bridges to the wider deployment of IPM in smallholder contexts in Asia and Africa, and draw attention to policy priorities to aid the sustainable intensification of agriculture.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Insect pests and Integrated Pest Management in museums, libraries and historic buildings
Author: Pascal Querner
Affiliation: Department of Integrated Biology and Biodiversity Research, Institute of Zoology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Gregor-Mendel-Straße 33, A-1180 Vienna, Austria; Institute of Archäometrie, Universitity of Applied Arts Vienna, Expositur Salzgries, A-1010 Vienna, Austria; E-Mail: email@example.com
Abstract: Insect pests are responsible for substantial damages to museum objects, historic books and in buildings like palaces or historic houses. Insects like different wood boring beetles (Anobium punctatum, Hylotrupes bajulus, Lyctus sp. or other introduced species), the biscuit beetle (Stegobium paniceum), the cigarette beetle (Lasiodera sericorne), different Dermestides (like Attagenus sp., Anthrnus sp., Dermestes sp.), moths (webbing clothes moth Tineola bisselliella, case bearing clothes moth Tinea pellionella), Silverfish (Lepisma saccharina) and booklice (Psecoptera) can damage materials, objects or building parts all over the world. In tropical countries termites, cockroaches and other insect pests are also found and result in even higher destruction of wood and paper or are a commune annoyance in buildings. In this review the most important insect pests occurring in museums (natural history, ethnography, modern and historic art, technical), archives, libraries and historic buildings are discussed with a description of the materials and object types that are mostly infested and damaged. In the second part of the paper the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) concept that is applied in such collections, including non chemical treatment methods used today, is described. Further the challenges and research needs are discussed at the end to show where we are today with IPM in museums.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Virulence of BotaniGard® to Second Instar Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha Halys (Stål) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)
Authors: Bruce L. Parker 1,*, Margaret Skinner 1, Svetlana Gouli 1, Cheryl Sullivan 1 and Jae Su Kim 2
Affiliations: 1 Entomology Research Laboratory, University of Vermont, 661 Spear Street, Burlington, VT, 05405-0105 USA; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea
Abstract: The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (BMSB) is an exotic invasive insect originating in the Far East, currently causing significant damage to fruits, vegetables and other crops throughout most of the Mid-Atlantic states of the U.S. It also is a nuisance pest as well, entering homes in the fall in search of suitable overwintering sites. Two formulations of BotaniGard® with a strain of Beauveria bassiana (GHA726) as the active ingredient were tested against second instar BMSB. Both the wettable powder and the emulsifiable formulations were efficacious at 1 x 107 conidia/ml, causing 67-80% mortality in 9 days post treatment. The wettable powder formulation was slightly more efficacious.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Authors: Roger I. Vargas 1, Jaime Piñero 2 and Luc Leblanc 3
Affiliation: 1 United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Daniel K. Inouye, U. S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center, 64 Nowelo St., Hilo, Hawaii 96720, USA; E-Mail: email@example.com
2 Lincoln University, Cooperative Research and Extension, 900 Chestnut St; Allen Hall 212, Jefferson City, MO 65101, USA; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii, 3050 Maile Way, Room 310 Honolulu, Hawaii 96822-2271, USA; E-Mail: email@example.com
Abstract: Tephritid fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are among the most economically important pest species in the world attacking a wide range of fruits and fleshy vegetables throughout the sub-tropical and tropical areas of the world. These species are such devastating crop pests that major control and eradication programs have been developed in various parts of the world to combat them The arsenal of control methods consists of crop sanitation, insecticide sprays to foliage and soil, bait-sprays, male annihilation techniques, releases of sterilized flies and biological control using parasitoids. We will present an overview of the tropical pest species in the genus Bactrocera and explore Integrated Pest Management Programs that utilize multiple components to manage these pests in tropical and sub-tropical areas.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Classical Biological Control of Invasive Legacy Crop Pests: New Technologies Offer Opportunities to Revisit Old Pest Problems in Perennial Tree Crops
Authors: Mark S. Hoddle 1, Keith Warner 2, John Steggall 3 and Karen M. Jetter 4
Affiliations: 1 Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside CA 92521, USA; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Center for Science, Technology, and Society, Santa Clara University, CA 95053, USA
3 California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814, USA
4 UC Agricultural Issues Center, University of California, Davis CA 95616, USA
Abstract: Advances in scientific disciplines that support classical biological control have provided “new tools” that could have important applications to biocontrol programs for some long-established (pre 1990) invasive arthropod pests. We suggest that these previously unavailable tools should be used in biological control programs targeting “legacy pests”, even if they have been targets of previously unsuccessful biocontrol projects. Examples of “new tools” include molecular analyses to verify species identities and likely geographic area of origin, climate matching and ecological niche modeling, preservation of natural enemy genetic diversity in quarantine, using lessons from invasion biology to maximize establishment likelihoods for natural enemies, and improved understanding of the interactions between natural enemy and target pest microbiomes. This review suggests that opportunities exist for revisiting old pest problems and funding research programs using “new tools” for developing biological control programs for “legacy pests” could provide permanent suppression of some seemingly intractable pest problems. As a case study, we use citricola scale, Coccus pseudomagnoliarum, an invasive legacy pest of California citrus, to demonstrate the potential of new tools to support classical biological control of this insect.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Aggression in Tephritidae flies: Where, When, Why? Implications for Pest Management and Future Directions
Author: Giovanni Benelli
Affiliation: Insect Behavior Group, Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy; E-Mails: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Aggressive behavior plays a pivotal role all across the Animal Kingdom, allowing acquisition and/or defense of limited resources, such as food, mates and territories, in an outstanding number of species. True fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) include over 4,000 species, many of which constitute enormous threats to fruit and vegetable production worldwide. A number of Tephritidae are lekking species, forming aggregations in which males fight to defend a small territory where court females and mate. Male-male contests also occur in non-lekking species characterized by resource defense polygyny. Tephritidae females display agonistic behavior to maintain single oviposition sites and reduce larval competition for food. Here I review how, where and when aggressive interactions occur in Tephritidae, highlighting how this knowledge could be exploited in Integrated Pest Management programs, with special reference to (i) enhancement of the Sterile Insect Technique (ii) mass-rearing optimization procedures, (iii) competitive displacement in the field guided by inter-specific aggressions. In the final section, a number of neglected issues deserving further research are highlighted, with a special focus on cues evoking aggressive behavior in Tephritidae, the role of previous experience on fighting performances and the evolution of behavioral lateralization of aggression.