Topical Collection "Integrated Pest Management"
A topical collection in Insects (ISSN 2075-4450).
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an approach to managing insect, disease, and weed pests in agricultural systems that was developed over 50 years ago in response to environmental, economic, and other problems associated with the over-reliance on pesticides to control pests. IPM is now the dominant paradigm guiding the development of management programs for pests. However, many management programs still rely too heavily on pesticides, and alternatives to pesticides have failed to fulfill their promise in many cases. Moreover, despite the ostensible centrality of integration in IPM, management tactics for a pest are often developed or studied in isolation from other tactics, and in isolation from management programs for other pests. This collection will comprise mini-reviews and original article on all aspects of IPM in crops and other systems. Manuscripts exploring the appropriate use of insecticides in IPM, the integration of multiple tactics against single pests, and the integration of management programs for multiple pests are particularly welcome.Prof. Dr. Michael J. Stout
Dr. Jeff Davis
Dr. Rodrigo Diaz
Dr. Julien M. Beuzelin
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the collection website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
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The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: The Rise and Demise of Integrated Pest Management in Rice in Indonesia
Author: Craig Thorburn
Affiliation: Centre for Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University, Clayton Campus, Victoria 3800, Australia; E-Mail: Craig.Thorburn@monash.edu
Abstract: Indonesia’s 11-year (1989-99) National Integrated Pest Management Program was a spectacularly successful example of wide-scale adoption of IPM principles and practice in a developing country. This program introduced the innovative Farmer Field School model of agro-ecosystem-based experiential learning, subsequently adapted to different crops and agricultural systems in countries throughout the world. Since the termination of the program in 1999, Indonesia has undergone profound changes as the country enters a new era of democratic reform. Government support for the national IPM program has wavered during this period, contributing to a resurgence of the pesticide-induced resurgent pest problems that led to its establishment in the first place.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Integrated Pest Management for Sustainable Intensification: Impacts on Agroecosystems in Asia and Africa
Authors: Jules Pretty and Zareen Bharucha
Affiliation: School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, UK; E-Mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: This paper analyses recent evidence on how Integrated Pest Management has contributed to the successful sustainable intensification of crop production amongst smallholders across countries of Asia and Africa. Systems of IPM have contributed to reduced crop losses to pests and diseases while conserving ecosystem services and raising yields. We set out an overview of the challenge posed by crop pests in smallholder contexts, and the need for management technologies and practices that build natural capital at the same time as serving farmers' needs. We then set out the evidence on impacts from a wide variety of recent projects across two continents drawing on the ten year period of 2004-2014. We discuss how the spread of IPM presents a novel trajectory of innovation development and dissemination, relying as it has on strong horizontal linkages that create social capital between farmers, between farmers and extensionists, and between researchers of different disciplines. We conclude by discussing barriers and bridges to the wider deployment of IPM in smallholder contexts in Asia and Africa, and draw attention to policy priorities to aid the sustainable intensification of agriculture.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Insect pests and Integrated Pest Management in museums, libraries and historic buildings
Author: Pascal Querner
Affiliation: Department of Integrated Biology and Biodiversity Research, Institute of Zoology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Gregor-Mendel-Straße 33, A-1180 Vienna, Austria; Institute of Archäometrie, Universitity of Applied Arts Vienna, Expositur Salzgries, A-1010 Vienna, Austria; E-Mail: email@example.com
Abstract: Insect pests are responsible for substantial damages to museum objects, historic books and in buildings like palaces or historic houses. Insects like different wood boring beetles (Anobium punctatum, Hylotrupes bajulus, Lyctus sp. or other introduced species), the biscuit beetle (Stegobium paniceum), the cigarette beetle (Lasiodera sericorne), different Dermestides (like Attagenus sp., Anthrnus sp., Dermestes sp.), moths (webbing clothes moth Tineola bisselliella, case bearing clothes moth Tinea pellionella), Silverfish (Lepisma saccharina) and booklice (Psecoptera) can damage materials, objects or building parts all over the world. In tropical countries termites, cockroaches and other insect pests are also found and result in even higher destruction of wood and paper or are a commune annoyance in buildings. In this review the most important insect pests occurring in museums (natural history, ethnography, modern and historic art, technical), archives, libraries and historic buildings are discussed with a description of the materials and object types that are mostly infested and damaged. In the second part of the paper the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) concept that is applied in such collections, including non chemical treatment methods used today, is described. Further the challenges and research needs are discussed at the end to show where we are today with IPM in museums.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Virulence of BotaniGard® to Second Instar Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha Halys (Stål) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)
Authors: Bruce L. Parker 1,*, Margaret Skinner 1, Svetlana Gouli 1, Cheryl Sullivan 1 and Jae Su Kim 2
Affiliations: 1 Entomology Research Laboratory, University of Vermont, 661 Spear Street, Burlington, VT, 05405-0105 USA; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea
Abstract: The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (BMSB) is an exotic invasive insect originating in the Far East, currently causing significant damage to fruits, vegetables and other crops throughout most of the Mid-Atlantic states of the U.S. It also is a nuisance pest as well, entering homes in the fall in search of suitable overwintering sites. Two formulations of BotaniGard® with a strain of Beauveria bassiana (GHA726) as the active ingredient were tested against second instar BMSB. Both the wettable powder and the emulsifiable formulations were efficacious at 1 x 107 conidia/ml, causing 67-80% mortality in 9 days post treatment. The wettable powder formulation was slightly more efficacious.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Authors: Roger I. Vargas 1, Jaime Piñero 2 and Luc Leblanc 3
Affiliation: 1 United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Daniel K. Inouye, U. S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center, 64 Nowelo St., Hilo, Hawaii 96720, USA; E-Mail: email@example.com
2 Lincoln University, Cooperative Research and Extension, 900 Chestnut St; Allen Hall 212, Jefferson City, MO 65101, USA; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii, 3050 Maile Way, Room 310 Honolulu, Hawaii 96822-2271, USA; E-Mail: email@example.com
Abstract: Tephritid fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are among the most economically important pest species in the world attacking a wide range of fruits and fleshy vegetables throughout the sub-tropical and tropical areas of the world. These species are such devastating crop pests that major control and eradication programs have been developed in various parts of the world to combat them The arsenal of control methods consists of crop sanitation, insecticide sprays to foliage and soil, bait-sprays, male annihilation techniques, releases of sterilized flies and biological control using parasitoids. We will present an overview of the tropical pest species in the genus Bactrocera and explore Integrated Pest Management Programs that utilize multiple components to manage these pests in tropical and sub-tropical areas.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Classical Biological Control of Invasive Legacy Crop Pests: New Technologies Offer Opportunities to Revisit Old Pest Problems in Perennial Tree Crops
Authors: Mark S. Hoddle 1, Keith Warner 2, John Steggall 3 and Karen M. Jetter 4
Affiliations: 1 Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside CA 92521, USA; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Center for Science, Technology, and Society, Santa Clara University, CA 95053, USA
3 California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814, USA
4 UC Agricultural Issues Center, University of California, Davis CA 95616, USA
Abstract: Advances in scientific disciplines that support classical biological control have provided “new tools” that could have important applications to biocontrol programs for some long-established (pre 1990) invasive arthropod pests. We suggest that these previously unavailable tools should be used in biological control programs targeting “legacy pests”, even if they have been targets of previously unsuccessful biocontrol projects. Examples of “new tools” include molecular analyses to verify species identities and likely geographic area of origin, climate matching and ecological niche modeling, preservation of natural enemy genetic diversity in quarantine, using lessons from invasion biology to maximize establishment likelihoods for natural enemies, and improved understanding of the interactions between natural enemy and target pest microbiomes. This review suggests that opportunities exist for revisiting old pest problems and funding research programs using “new tools” for developing biological control programs for “legacy pests” could provide permanent suppression of some seemingly intractable pest problems. As a case study, we use citricola scale, Coccus pseudomagnoliarum, an invasive legacy pest of California citrus, to demonstrate the potential of new tools to support classical biological control of this insect.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Aggression in Tephritidae flies: Where, When, Why? Implications for Pest Management and Future Directions
Author: Giovanni Benelli
Affiliation: Insect Behavior Group, Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy; E-Mails: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Aggressive behavior plays a pivotal role all across the Animal Kingdom, allowing acquisition and/or defense of limited resources, such as food, mates and territories, in an outstanding number of species. True fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) include over 4,000 species, many of which constitute enormous threats to fruit and vegetable production worldwide. A number of Tephritidae are lekking species, forming aggregations in which males fight to defend a small territory where court females and mate. Male-male contests also occur in non-lekking species characterized by resource defense polygyny. Tephritidae females display agonistic behavior to maintain single oviposition sites and reduce larval competition for food. Here I review how, where and when aggressive interactions occur in Tephritidae, highlighting how this knowledge could be exploited in Integrated Pest Management programs, with special reference to (i) enhancement of the Sterile Insect Technique (ii) mass-rearing optimization procedures, (iii) competitive displacement in the field guided by inter-specific aggressions. In the final section, a number of neglected issues deserving further research are highlighted, with a special focus on cues evoking aggressive behavior in Tephritidae, the role of previous experience on fighting performances and the evolution of behavioral lateralization of aggression.
Title: Comparative Toxicities and Residual Activities of Insecticides to Various Life Stages of Sparganothis sulfureana and Choristoneura parallela (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), Two Key Pests of Cranberries
Authors: Wanumen A.C.; Salamanca J.; Holdcraft R.; Kyryczenko-Roth V.; Rodriguez-Saona C.
Abstract: Little is known on the susceptibility of various life stages of insect pests of cranberries to insecticides. Thus, studies were conducted to determine the lethal activities of insecticides with different modes of action on Sparganothis sulfureana and Choristoneura parallela (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). In laboratory and semi-field experiments, we evaluated the relative toxicities and residual effects of broad-spectrum and reduced-risk insecticides on egg, larval (1st and 3rd instars), and adult mortality. Some of these reduced-risk insecticides may provide an alternative control option to broad-spectrum insecticides, and likely be more compatible with biological control because of their lower negative impact on natural enemies.
Title: Strategies on Integrated Pest Management of Coffee Berry Borer from Colombia and Latin America that could be Useful for Coffee Farmers in Hawaii
Authors: Luis F. Aristizábal 1,*, Alex E. Bustillo 2 and Steven P. Arthurs 1
Affiliations: 1 Mid-Florida Research & Education Center, Entomology & Nematology Department, University of Florida, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences, 2725 S. Binion Rd, Apopka, FL 32703, USA; E-mail: email@example.com (L.F.A.); firstname.lastname@example.org(S.P.A)
2 Centro de Investigación en Palma de Aceite (Cenipalma), Calle 20 A No. 43 A - 50, Pisos 2 y 4 Bogotá D.C., Colombia; E-Mails: email@example.com (A.E.B.)Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel.: +1-407-462-2748 (ext. 120); Fax: +1-407-814-6186.
Abstract: The coffee berry borer (CBB), Hypothenemus hampei (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is the most economically important pest of coffee plantation worldwide. Since its detection in Hawaii (September 2010), coffee growers are facing reduced profits and loss of production due to CBB, which also affects the quality of coffee yield. Several strategies of control that include cultural practices, use of biological control agents (parasitoids), use of microbial insecticides (entomopathogenic fungi), application of insecticides, and physical control during harvest and post-harvest have been reported around the world. In addition, sampling methods such as alcohol based traps for monitoring CBB populations have been implemented in many coffee producing countries. The big questions are: 1- which control strategies are most efficient for control of CBB?, 2-What combination of CBB control strategies are best fit under economical, environment, and sociocultural conditions of Hawaii? The discussion of all components of integrated pest management of CBB is addressed in this review. We have focused on a practical approach that may provide guidance to coffee farmers in Hawaii. Experiences on IPM of CBB from Colombia and Latin America during more than 20 years may be relevant for establishment strategies of control that may fit under Hawaiian coffee farmers’ conditions.
Title: The Bark Beetles Hylesinus Taranio and Phloeotribus scarabaeoides in the Olive Grove of Spain. Integrated Pest Management to Control These Insects
Authors: Coca-Abia, M.; San Nicolas, M.A. and Crespo, J.
Abstract: Hylesinus taranio and Phloeotribus scarabaeoides (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Scolytinae) are important pests in the olive grove of Spain. These insects can inflict severe damages to crops by digging galleries in phloem and xylem. Currently, synthetic insecticides have been used to control them. Nevertheless, the cryptic behavior of the larvae, lead to the ineffectiveness of some synthetic treatments. We compare the biology and phenology of both species and their parasitoids. In addition, we review the effectiveness of the most used insecticides in olive grove and the most suitable period for the application to reduce the number of treatments. So, to control these pests, an integrate point of view must be carried on in the olive grove of Spain.
Title: Developing and implementing sustainable integrated pest management strategies for Brassica pests in the Pacific Islands
Authors: Mike Furlong and Myron Zalucki
Affiliation: School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072, Queensland, Australia
Abstract: Diamondback moth (DBM; Plutella xylostella) and the large cabbage moth (LCM; Crocidolomia pavonana) are serious pests of brassica crops throughout the islands of the South pacific. Historically there have been attempts at biological control of DBM and some natural enemies have become established, but until recently no effective natural enemies of LCM were known. In this chapter we describe recent work to develop and implement an IPM program for these key pests based on the conservation of endemic natural enemies, rational interventions with selective insecticides and an allied insecticide resistance management strategy.