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Insects 2014, 5(4), 818-831; doi:10.3390/insects5040818

Rational Practices to Manage Boll Weevils Colonization and Population Growth on Family Farms in the Semiárido Region of Brazil

1
Departamento de Agronomia-Entomologia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos, Recife, 52171-900, Brazil
2
Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Av. Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n, Campus Universitário, Viçosa, 36570-000, Brazil
3
Instituto Central de Ciências Ala Sul (ICC-Sul), Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária (FAV), Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, 70910-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 August 2014 / Revised: 23 October 2014 / Accepted: 27 October 2014 / Published: 31 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Collection Integrated Pest Management)
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Abstract

Because boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis Boh. develops partially protected inside cotton fruiting structures, once they become established in a field, they are difficult to control, even with nearly continuous insecticide spray. During two cotton-growing seasons in the Semiárido region of Pernambuco State, Brazil, we tested the use of kaolin sprays to disrupt plant colonization through visual cue interference, combined with removal of fallen fruiting bodies to restrain boll weevil population growth after colonization. Kaolin spray under non-choice trials resulted in 2.2×, 4.4×, and 8.6× fewer weevils, oviposition and feeding punctures on kaolin-treated plants, respectively, despite demonstrating no statistical differences for colonization and population growth. Early season sprays in 2010 occurred during a period of rainfall, and hence, under our fixed spraying schedule no significant differences in boll weevil colonization were detected. In 2011, when kaolin sprays were not washed out by rain, delayed boll weevil colonization and reduction on attacked fruiting bodies were observed in eight out of 12 evaluations, and kaolin-treated plots had 2.7× fewer damaged fruiting bodies compared to untreated plots. Adoption of simple measures such as removal of fallen fruiting bodies and prompt reapplication of kaolin sprays after rainfall show promise in reducing boll weevil infestation. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated pest management; physical control; cultural control; kaolin integrated pest management; physical control; cultural control; kaolin
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Neves, R.C.S.; Colares, F.; Torres, J.B.; Santos, R.L.; Bastos, C.S. Rational Practices to Manage Boll Weevils Colonization and Population Growth on Family Farms in the Semiárido Region of Brazil. Insects 2014, 5, 818-831.

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