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Insects 2015, 6(2), 352-367; doi:10.3390/insects6020352

Insect Pathogenic Bacteria in Integrated Pest Management

Dipartimento di Agraria, Sezione di Patologia Vegetale ed Entomologia, University of Sassari, Via E. de Nicola, 07100 Sassari, Italy
Academic Editor: Michael J. Stout
Received: 25 February 2015 / Revised: 1 April 2015 / Accepted: 8 April 2015 / Published: 14 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Integrated Pest Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [211 KB, uploaded 14 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

The scientific community working in the field of insect pathology is experiencing an increasing academic and industrial interest in the discovery and development of new bioinsecticides as environmentally friendly pest control tools to be integrated, in combination or rotation, with chemicals in pest management programs. In this scientific context, market data report a significant growth of the biopesticide segment. Acquisition of new technologies by multinational Ag-tech companies is the center of the present industrial environment. This trend is in line with the requirements of new regulations on Integrated Pest Management. After a few decades of research on microbial pest management dominated by Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), novel bacterial species with innovative modes of action are being discovered and developed into new products. Significant cases include the entomopathogenic nematode symbionts Photorhabdus spp. and Xenorhabdus spp., Serratia species, Yersinia entomophaga, Pseudomonas entomophila, and the recently discovered Betaproteobacteria species Burkholderia spp. and Chromobacterium spp. Lastly, Actinobacteria species like Streptomyces spp. and Saccharopolyspora spp. have gained high commercial interest for the production of a variety of metabolites acting as potent insecticides. With the aim to give a timely picture of the cutting-edge advancements in this renewed research field, different representative cases are reported and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: IPM; biopesticide; biological control; entomopathogen; Bacillus thuringiensis; Photorhabdus; Xenorhabdus; Serratia; Streptomyces; Spinosad IPM; biopesticide; biological control; entomopathogen; Bacillus thuringiensis; Photorhabdus; Xenorhabdus; Serratia; Streptomyces; Spinosad
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ruiu, L. Insect Pathogenic Bacteria in Integrated Pest Management. Insects 2015, 6, 352-367.

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