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Insects 2015, 6(2), 381-408; doi:10.3390/insects6020381

The Rise and Demise of Integrated Pest Management in Rice in Indonesia

Centre for Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
Academic Editor: Michael J. Stout
Received: 17 December 2014 / Revised: 2 April 2015 / Accepted: 8 April 2015 / Published: 17 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Integrated Pest Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [178 KB, uploaded 17 April 2015]

Abstract

Indonesia’s 11-year (1989–1999) National Integrated Pest Management Program was a spectacularly successful example of wide-scale adoption of integrated pest management (IPM) principles and practice in a developing country. This program introduced the innovative Farmer Field School model of agro-ecosystem-based experiential learning, subsequently adapted to different crops and agricultural systems in countries throughout the world. Since the termination of the program in 1999, Indonesia has undergone profound changes as the country enters a new era of democratic reform. Government support for the national IPM program has wavered during this period, and pesticide producers and traders have taken advantage of the policy vacuum to mount an aggressive marketing campaign in the countryside. These factors have contributed to a reappearance of the pesticide-induced resurgent pest problems that led to the establishment of the National IPM Program in the first place. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated pest management (IPM); rice; rice brown planthopper (BPH); nilaparvata lugens stål; insecticide-induced resurgence; Indonesia integrated pest management (IPM); rice; rice brown planthopper (BPH); nilaparvata lugens stål; insecticide-induced resurgence; Indonesia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Thorburn, C. The Rise and Demise of Integrated Pest Management in Rice in Indonesia. Insects 2015, 6, 381-408.

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