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Insects 2016, 7(4), 64; doi:10.3390/insects7040064

Beyond Focal Pests: Impact of a Neonicotinoid Seed Treatment and Resistant Soybean Lines on a Non-Target Arthropod

1
Department of Plant Protection, Agricultural Faculty, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Avşar Campus, Kahramanmaraş 46040, Turkey
2
Department of Entomology 7650, North Dakota State University, PO Pox 6050, Fargo, ND 58108, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael J. Stout, Jeff Davis, Rodrigo Diaz and Julien M. Beuzelin
Received: 5 July 2016 / Revised: 28 October 2016 / Accepted: 8 November 2016 / Published: 11 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Integrated Pest Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [693 KB, uploaded 11 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Integrated pest management (IPM) tactics may effectively control focal pests, but it is also important to test the compatibility of different tactics, and consider non-target organisms. We investigated the effects of a neonicotinoid seed treatment and Rag resistance genes used for soybean aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura) control on reproduction of a non-target herbivore (twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch) in short-term greenhouse experiments. We also examined interactions between spider mites and a specialist phytoseiid mite [Ambylseius fallacis (Garman)] and assessed the effects of a co-occurring opportunistic omnivore [Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande)] by including thrips density as a covariate. There were no interactive or main effects of the presence of Rag genes on the densities of any of the arthropods. Overall, effects of the seed treatment on spider mite densities varied, with no difference when mites were confined in clip cages, and higher populations on seed-treated plants when on whole plants. Predatory mites had a consistent negative impact on spider mites, and densities of A. fallacis immatures were similar between seed treated and non-seed treated plants. However, the relationship between spider mite and thrips densities was different between these two plant types, but only in the clip cage experiment lacking predatory mites. This research highlights the importance of considering how IPM tactics might affect non-target organisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: thiamethoxam; host plant resistance; Tetranychus urticae; Ambylseius fallacis thiamethoxam; host plant resistance; Tetranychus urticae; Ambylseius fallacis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Özsisli, T.; Prischmann-Voldseth, D.A. Beyond Focal Pests: Impact of a Neonicotinoid Seed Treatment and Resistant Soybean Lines on a Non-Target Arthropod. Insects 2016, 7, 64.

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