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Review

Cardiovascular Benefits from Gliflozins: Effects on Endothelial Function

1
Department of Precision Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Via De Crecchio 7, I-80138 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Piazza Luigi Miraglia 2, I-80138 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pasquale Ambrosino
Biomedicines 2021, 9(10), 1356; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines9101356
Received: 11 August 2021 / Revised: 15 September 2021 / Accepted: 26 September 2021 / Published: 29 September 2021
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a known independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) and solid epidemiological evidence points to heart failure (HF) as one of the most common complications of diabetes. For this reason, it is imperative to consider the prevention of CV outcomes as an effective goal for the management of diabetic patients, as important as lowering blood glucose. Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is an early event of atherosclerosis involving adhesion molecules, chemokines, and leucocytes to enhance low-density lipoprotein oxidation, platelet activation, and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. This abnormal vascular phenotype represents an important risk factor for the genesis of any complication of diabetes, contributing to the pathogenesis of not only macrovascular disease but also microvascular damage. Gliflozins are a novel class of anti-hyperglycemic agents used for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that selectively inhibit the sodium glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) in the kidneys and have provoked large interest in scientific community due to their cardiovascular beneficial effects, whose underlying pathophysiology is still not fully understood. This review aimed to analyze the cardiovascular protective mechanisms of SGLT2 inhibition in patients T2DM and their impact on endothelial function. View Full-Text
Keywords: endothelial dysfunction; gliflozins; cardiovascular diseases; heart prevention endothelial dysfunction; gliflozins; cardiovascular diseases; heart prevention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salvatore, T.; Caturano, A.; Galiero, R.; Di Martino, A.; Albanese, G.; Vetrano, E.; Sardu, C.; Marfella, R.; Rinaldi, L.; Sasso, F.C. Cardiovascular Benefits from Gliflozins: Effects on Endothelial Function. Biomedicines 2021, 9, 1356. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines9101356

AMA Style

Salvatore T, Caturano A, Galiero R, Di Martino A, Albanese G, Vetrano E, Sardu C, Marfella R, Rinaldi L, Sasso FC. Cardiovascular Benefits from Gliflozins: Effects on Endothelial Function. Biomedicines. 2021; 9(10):1356. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines9101356

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salvatore, Teresa, Alfredo Caturano, Raffaele Galiero, Anna Di Martino, Gaetana Albanese, Erica Vetrano, Celestino Sardu, Raffaele Marfella, Luca Rinaldi, and Ferdinando C. Sasso 2021. "Cardiovascular Benefits from Gliflozins: Effects on Endothelial Function" Biomedicines 9, no. 10: 1356. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines9101356

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