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From the third issue of 2017, Microarrays has changed its name to High-Throughput.

Open AccessArticle

Automated and Multiplexed Soft Lithography for the Production of Low-Density DNA Microarrays

ITAV, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, Toulouse 31000, France
LISBP, Université de Toulouse, INSA, UPS, INP, LISBP, 135 Avenue de Rangueil, Toulouse F-31077, France
Innospys SAS, 3, allée des Vignes, Carbonne 31390, France
Dendris SAS, 335 Rue du Chêne Vert, Labège 31670, France
CNRS, LAAS, 7 Avenue du Colonel Roche, F-31400 Toulouse, France
LAAS, Univ de Toulouse, F-31400 Toulouse, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Massimo Negrini
Microarrays 2016, 5(4), 25;
Received: 28 July 2016 / Revised: 15 September 2016 / Accepted: 20 September 2016 / Published: 26 September 2016
PDF [3000 KB, uploaded 26 September 2016]


Microarrays are established research tools for genotyping, expression profiling, or molecular diagnostics in which DNA molecules are precisely addressed to the surface of a solid support. This study assesses the fabrication of low-density oligonucleotide arrays using an automated microcontact printing device, the InnoStamp 40®. This automate allows a multiplexed deposition of oligoprobes on a functionalized surface by the use of a MacroStampTM bearing 64 individual pillars each mounted with 50 circular micropatterns (spots) of 160 µm diameter at 320 µm pitch. Reliability and reuse of the MacroStampTM were shown to be fast and robust by a simple washing step in 96% ethanol. The low-density microarrays printed on either epoxysilane or dendrimer-functionalized slides (DendriSlides) showed excellent hybridization response with complementary sequences at unusual low probe and target concentrations, since the actual probe density immobilized by this technology was at least 10-fold lower than with the conventional mechanical spotting. In addition, we found a comparable hybridization response in terms of fluorescence intensity between spotted and printed oligoarrays with a 1 nM complementary target by using a 50-fold lower probe concentration to produce the oligoarrays by the microcontact printing method. Taken together, our results lend support to the potential development of this multiplexed microcontact printing technology employing soft lithography as an alternative, cost-competitive tool for fabrication of low-density DNA microarrays. View Full-Text
Keywords: soft lithography; microcontact printing; automation; dedicated microarrays; hybridization; multiplexing soft lithography; microcontact printing; automation; dedicated microarrays; hybridization; multiplexing

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fredonnet, J.; Foncy, J.; Cau, J.-C.; Séverac, C.; François, J.M.; Trévisiol, E. Automated and Multiplexed Soft Lithography for the Production of Low-Density DNA Microarrays. Microarrays 2016, 5, 25.

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