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Laws 2013, 2(1), 20-32;

Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations

Picard Center, The University of Louisiana, Lafayette, PO Box 42730, Lafayette, LA 70504-2730, USA
Political Science, The University of New Orleans, 2000 Lakeshore Drive, New Orleans, LA 701116, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 February 2013 / Revised: 6 March 2013 / Accepted: 14 March 2013 / Published: 20 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development of Juvenile Delinquency)
Full-Text   |   PDF [59 KB, uploaded 20 March 2013]


This study investigated school discipline infractions leading to suspensions and expulsions in Louisiana to determine patterns and trends, particularly among racial/ethnic groups. Discipline incident data rather than student discipline data were used to provide a more accurate reflection of the number of infractions and dispositions occurring. Findings included that black students and American Indian students had a higher percentage of out-of-school suspensions and were more likely to commit an infraction in the violent discipline infractions category, but the overwhelming majority of offenses for all groups were for non-violent and non-drug offenses. Links to juvenile delinquency and zero tolerance policies are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: discipline problem; suspension/expulsion rate; ethnicity/race discipline problem; suspension/expulsion rate; ethnicity/race
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Forsyth, C.J.; Howat, H.; Pei, L.K.; Forsyth, Y.A.; Asmus, G.; Stokes, B.R. Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations. Laws 2013, 2, 20-32.

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